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Parental partnership and joblessness in childhood and their influence on young people's outcomes

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  • John Ermisch
  • Marco Francesconi
  • David J. Pevalin

Abstract

The paper estimates the relationship between several outcomes in early adulthood (education, inactivity, early birth, distress and smoking) and experiences of life in a single-parent family and with jobless parent(s) during childhood. The analysis is performed using a sample of young adults, who are selected from the first nine waves of the British Household Panel Survey (1991-1999) and can be matched with at least one parent "and" one sibling over the same period. This sample allows us to estimate the relationship of interest by using sibling differences. We also use another sample of young adults from the British Household Panel Survey, matched to at least one parent, to estimate more conventional level models and to compute nonparametric bounds and point estimates. The estimates based on sibling differences require weaker assumptions (compared with the assumptions that are imposed by nonparametric estimators under conditional independence and level estimators) for the identification of the effects of family structure and parental joblessness on the outcomes under analysis. We find that experiences of life in a single-parent family and with jobless parents during childhood are usually associated with disadvantageous outcomes for young adults, the effect of family structure is in general significantly greater (in absolute value) than the effect of parental worklessness and most of the unfavourable outcomes are linked to an early family disruption, when the child was aged 0-5 years, whereas the timing of parental joblessness during childhood has more complex effects, with different outcomes being more strongly influenced by parental worklessness at different ages of the child. Copyright 2004 Royal Statistical Society.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Royal Statistical Society in its journal Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A.

Volume (Year): 167 (2004)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 69-101

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Handle: RePEc:bla:jorssa:v:167:y:2004:i:1:p:69-101

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Cited by:
  1. Maria Humlum, 2011. "Timing of family income, borrowing constraints, and child achievement," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 24(3), pages 979-1004, July.
  2. Mark Ottoni-Wilhelm & Robert Bandy, 2013. "Stage-specific family structure models: implicit parameter restrictions and Bayesian model comparison with an application to prosocial behavior," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 313-340, September.
  3. Bénédicte Apouey & Andrew E. Clark, 2013. "Winning Big But Feeling No Better? The Effect of Lottery Prizes on Physical and Mental Health," CEP Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE dp1228, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  4. Francesconi, Marco, 2007. "Adult Outcomes for Children of Teenage Mothers," IZA Discussion Papers 2778, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Elena Arias Ortiz & Catherine Dehon, 2008. "What are the factors of success at university? A case study in Belgium," Working Papers ECARES, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 2008_003, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  6. Helmut Rainer & Timo Hener & Thomas Siedler & Anita Fichtl, 2013. "Politische Sozialisation im Wandel? Zusammenhang von Familienstruktur und bürgerschaftlichem Engagement," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 66(17), pages 30-38, 09.
  7. repec:ese:iserwp:2009-25 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Marco Francesconi & Stephen P. Jenkins & Thomas Siedler, 2010. "The effect of lone motherhood on the smoking behavior of young adults," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(11), pages 1377-1384.
  9. Marco Francesconi & Stephen P. Jenkins & Thomas Siedler, 2006. "Childhood Family Structure and Schooling Outcomes: Evidence for Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 610, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  10. Tyra Ekhaugen, 2009. "Extracting the causal component from the intergenerational correlation in unemployment," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 22(1), pages 97-113, January.
  11. Ekhaugen, Tyra, 2005. "Extracting the causal component from the intergenerational correlation in unemployment," Memorandum, Oslo University, Department of Economics 21/2005, Oslo University, Department of Economics.

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