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Gender, sibling order, and differences in the quantity and quality of educational attainment: Evidence using Japanese twin data

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  • Tien Manh Vu

    (Ph.D Candidate, Osaka School of International Public Policy)

  • Hisakazu Matsushige

    (Professor, Osaka School of International Public Policy)

Abstract

Using 1,045 pairs of Japanese monozygotic twins, we examine differences in educational attainment by considering both the years of schooling (quantity) and the reputation of the last attended school (quality). We find that a difference in learning performance at 15 years of age is one of the key factors connected with differences in both quantity and quality of educational attainment. We also find that when the eldest child in the family is the female twin in the 1950s and 1960s birth cohorts, she forgoes 0.542 years of schooling over her younger twin sister; but for the same birth cohorts, when the eldest child in the family is the male twin, he gains some advantage in the quality of educational attainment over his younger twin brother. However, we find that as the Japanese economy has developed, any difference between twins disappears in subsequent birth cohorts, regardless of gender and sibling order.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University in its series OSIPP Discussion Paper with number 13E007.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:osp:wpaper:13e007

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Keywords: identical twins; gender; sibling order; educational attainment; equality;

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  1. Orley Ashenfelter & Cecilia Rouse, 1997. "Income, Schooling, and Ability: Evidence from a New Sample of Identical Twins," NBER Working Papers 6106, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  13. Chiara Pronzato, 2009. "An Examination of Paternal and Maternal Intergenerational Transmission of Schooling," CHILD Working Papers wp20_09, CHILD - Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic economics - ITALY.
  14. Behrman, Jere R & Rosenzweig, Mark R & Taubman, Paul, 1994. "Endowments and the Allocation of Schooling in the Family and in the Marriage Market: The Twins Experiment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(6), pages 1131-74, December.
  15. Isacsson, Gunnar, 1999. "Estimates of the return to schooling in Sweden from a large sample of twins," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 471-489, November.
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