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GM crop technology and trade restraints: economic implications for Australia and New Zealand

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  • Kym Anderson
  • Lee Ann Jackson

Abstract

How much might the potential economic benefit from enhanced farm productivity associated with crop biotechnology adoption by Australia and New Zealand (ANZ) be offset by a loss of market access abroad for crops that may contain genetically modified (GM) organisms? This paper uses the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) model to estimate effects of other countries' GM policies without and with ANZ farmers adopting GM varieties of various grains and oilseeds. The gross economic benefits to ANZ from adopting GM crops under a variety of scenarios could be positive even if the strict controls on imports from GM-adopting countries by the European Union are maintained, but not if North-East Asia also applied such trade restaints. From those gross economic effects would need to be subtracted society's evaluation of any new food safety concerns and negative environmental externalities (net of any new environmental and occupational health benefits), as well as any extra costs of segregation, identity preservation and consumer search. Copyright 2005 Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society Inc. and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd..

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society in its journal The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics.

Volume (Year): 49 (2005)
Issue (Month): 3 (09)
Pages: 263-281

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Handle: RePEc:bla:ajarec:v:49:y:2005:i:3:p:263-281

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Postal: AARES Central Office Manager, Crawford School of Public Policy, ANU, Canberra ACT 0200
Phone: 0409 032 338
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Web page: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1467-8489
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Cited by:
  1. Anderson, Kym & Lloyd, Peter J & Maclaren, Donald, 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Australia Since World War II," CEPR Discussion Papers 6436, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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