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The Effect of Latvian Pension Reform on Savings and Government Budget

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Author Info

  • Konstantins Benkovskis

    ()
    (Bank of Latvia)

Abstract

This paper deals with pension reform’s effect on Latvian savings. We are studying the reaction of total savings and their components on change in the fully funded pillar’s share in the total pension system and on increase of the retirement age using overlapping generations model with many generations. The paper describes both the long-term and the short-term theoretical consequences of the changes in pension legislation. Finally, we evaluate the effect of Latvian pension reform on private savings, fully funded savings and government budget balance over the next 10 years. Model’s simulations show that the increase of the retirement age improves budget balance and total savings, while the introduction of the fully funded pensions redistributes the tax payments from the social budget to fully funded savings.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies in its journal Baltic Journal of Economics.

Volume (Year): 6 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1 (July)
Pages: 3-21

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Handle: RePEc:bic:journl:v:6:y:2006:i:1:p:3-21

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Related research

Keywords: Pension reform; overlapping generations model; savings;

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References

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  1. Artis, Michael J & Marcellino, Massimiliano & Proietti, Tommaso, 2004. "Characterizing the Business Cycle for Accession Countries," CEPR Discussion Papers 4457, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Zsolt Darvas & György Szapáry, 2006. "Business Cycle Synchronization in the Enlarged EU," Working Papers 0604, Department of Mathematical Economics and Economic Analysis, Corvinus University of Budapest.
  3. Bayoumi, Tamim & Eichengreen, Barry, 1992. "Shocking Aspects of European Monetary Unification," CEPR Discussion Papers 643, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Olivier Jean Blanchard & Danny Quah, 1990. "The Dynamic Effects of Aggregate Demand and Supply Disturbances," NBER Working Papers 2737, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Peter Backé & Christian Thimann & Olga Arratibel & Oscar Calvo-Gonzalez & Arnaud Mehl & Carolin Nerlich, 2004. "The acceding countries’ strategies towards ERM II and the adoption of the euro - an analytical review," Occasional Paper Series 10, European Central Bank.
  6. Bayoumi, Tamim & Eichengreen, Barry, 1992. "Shocking Aspects of Monetary Unification," Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt791143kp, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
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Cited by:
  1. Du Cai Cai & Muysken Joan & Sleijpen Olaf, 2010. "Economy wide risk diversification in a three-pillar pension system," Research Memorandum 055, Maastricht University, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization (METEOR).

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