IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login

Top 10% Institutions and Economists in the Field of Business, Economic & Financial History, as of July 2015

This page shows one of the many rankings computed with RePEc data. They are based on data about authors who have registered with the RePEc Author Service, institutions listed on EDIRC, bibliographic data collected by RePEc, citation analysis performed by CitEc and popularity data compiled by LogEc. To find more rankings, historical data and detailed methodology, click here. Or see the ranking FAQ. For Business, Economic & Financial History, these are 1661 authors affiliated with 2093 institutions.
All authors classified in this field.

Top 10% institutions in the field of Business, Economic & Financial History

The scores of institutions in each field are determined by a weighted sum of all authors affiliated with the respective institutions. The weights are determined, for each author, by the proportion of all working papers announced in NEP that have also been announced in NEP-HIS (Business, Economic & Financial History).
RankInstitutionScoreAuthorsAuthor shares
1Department of Economics, Harvard University

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

1.28663.23
2National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

2.84875.38
3Economics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

3.76452.34
4Department of Economics, University of California-Berkeley

Berkeley, California (USA)

4.27481.73
5London School of Economics (LSE)

London, United Kingdom

4.5527615.69
6Department of Economics, Rutgers University-New Brunswick

New Brunswick, New Jersey (USA)

6.72344.02
7Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

6.9682.78
8Department of Economics, Oxford University

Oxford, United Kingdom

7.781737.1
9Economics Department, University of California-Davis

Davis, California (USA)

8.74383.44
10Department of Economics, University of Chicago

Chicago, Illinois (USA)

9.48500.96
11Economics Department, Brown University

Providence, Rhode Island (USA)

11.34502.49
12Paris School of Economics

Paris, France

12.651846.9
13Booth School of Business, University of Chicago

Chicago, Illinois (USA)

14.33571.33
14Department of Economics, Stanford University

Stanford, California (USA)

15.74591.96
15Department of Economics, University of Warwick

Coventry, United Kingdom

16.72703.18
16Walter A. Haas School of Business, University of California-Berkeley

Berkeley, California (USA)

17431.44
17Department of Economics, New York University (NYU)

New York City, New York (USA)

17.17540.69
18Department of Economics, Northwestern University

Evanston, Illinois (USA)

17.3370.7
19Department of Economics, Princeton University

Princeton, New Jersey (USA)

17.76461.74
20Department of Economics, Boston University

Boston, Massachusetts (USA)

18.04512.81
21Department of Economics, University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA)

Los Angeles, California (USA)

23.78441.84
22Anderson Graduate School of Management, University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA)

Los Angeles, California (USA)

25.92321.72
---Economics Group, Nuffield College, Department of Economics, Oxford University

Oxford, United Kingdom

26.76320.69
23International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

29.083624.96
---Department of Economic History, London School of Economics (LSE)

London, United Kingdom

29.13209.16
24Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London, United Kingdom

29.152891.88
25Department of Economics, Vanderbilt University

Nashville, Tennessee (USA)

30.86343.3
---Economics Department, London School of Economics (LSE)

London, United Kingdom

31.41582.86
26Economics Department, University of Michigan

Ann Arbor, Michigan (USA)

31.74671.94
27Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

St. Louis, Missouri (USA)

33.46562.38
28Department of Economics, University of California-San Diego (UCSD)

La Jolla, California (USA)

34.94430.78
29Stern School of Business, New York University (NYU)

New York City, New York (USA)

35.96571.29
---Research Division, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

St. Louis, Missouri (USA)

36.84451.88
30Economics Department, Dartmouth College

Hanover, New Hampshire (USA)

37.26311.16
31World Bank Group

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

37.434434.56
---Department of Economics, Lerner College of Business and Economics, University of Delaware

Newark, Delaware (USA)

39.13273.53
32Lerner College of Business and Economics, University of Delaware

Newark, Delaware (USA)

39.13313.53
33Economics Department, Yale University

New Haven, Connecticut (USA)

39.36491.27
34School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA), Columbia University

New York City, New York (USA)

41.56270.62
35Graduate School of Business, Columbia University

New York City, New York (USA)

44.45450.56
36Hoover Institution on War Revolution & Peace, Stanford University

Stanford, California (USA)

45.26130.62
---Finance and Economics Department, Graduate School of Business, Columbia University

New York City, New York (USA)

47.18270.42
---Center for Global Management, Anderson Graduate School of Management, University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA)

Los Angeles, California (USA)

47.851.15
---Economics Department, Stern School of Business, New York University (NYU)

New York City, New York (USA)

49.87280.88
37Graduate School of Business, Stanford University

Stanford, California (USA)

50.86310.99
38Institute for Quantitative Social Science, Harvard University

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

52.38150.88
39School of Management, Yale University

New Haven, Connecticut (USA)

54.26280.52
40Department of Economics, Simon Fraser University

Burnaby, Canada

55.06412.06
41Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakutät, Universität Zürich

Zürich, Switzerland

56.421283.87
---Economics Research, World Bank Group

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

57.041421.38
42Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

Chicago, Illinois (USA)

57.18351.65
43Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

58.75370.57
44Federal Reserve Board (Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System)

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

59.041393.39
---Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakutät, Universität Zürich

Zürich, Switzerland

59.1753.86
45Volkswirtschaftliche Fakultät, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München

München, Germany

61.26634.46
46Department of Economics, University of Western Ontario

London, Canada

62.89461.25
47Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Madrid, Spain

63.062210.12
48Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (USA)

65.52690.91
49Department of Economics, George Washington University

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

67.7631.72
50Vancouver School of Economics, University of British Columbia

Vancouver, Canada

67.83411.72
51Harvard Business School, Harvard University

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

67.91380.54
52Institut for Virksomhedsledelse og Økonomi, Syddansk Universitet

Odense, Denmark

71325.41
---George J. Stigler Center for the Study of the Economy and the State, Booth School of Business, University of Chicago

Chicago, Illinois (USA)

71.8210.11
53International Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies

Genève, Switzerland

72462.51
54Groupe EDHEC (École de Hautes Études Commerciales du Nord)

Lille/Paris, France

72.34180.17
---Département Comptabilité, Droit, Finance et Économie, Groupe EDHEC (École de Hautes Études Commerciales du Nord)

Lille/Paris, France

72.34140.17
55Sciences économiques, Sciences Po

Paris, France

74.12994.75
56Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Cleveland, Ohio (USA)

74.15421.83
57Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis

Minneapolis, Minnesota (USA)

74.57310.94
58Tepper School of Business Administration, Carnegie Mellon University

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (USA)

75.36210.38
59Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (USA)

79.03370.29
60College of Business and Economics, Australian National University

Canberra, Australia

79.64443.55
---Research School of Economics, College of Business and Economics, Australian National University

Canberra, Australia

79.64383.55
61Department of Economics, University of California-Santa Barbara (UCSB)

Santa Barbara, California (USA)

80.14310.58
---Economic Research, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Cleveland, Ohio (USA)

80.63331.7
---Research Department, International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

80.9590.84
62Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE)

Barcelona, Spain

81.181514.25
---Research Department, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis

Minneapolis, Minnesota (USA)

81.35190.88
63ifo Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München e.V.

München, Germany

81.551371.17
64Department of Economics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Jerusalem, Israel

81.87291.37
65Bank for International Settlements (BIS)

Basel, Switzerland

83.81561.27
66Department of Economics, Boston College

Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts (USA)

85.66481.77
67School of Economics, Interdisciplinary Center (IDC)

Herzliya, Israel

86.16100.59
68Economic and Social History, Oxford University

Oxford, United Kingdom

86.6383.78
69Department of Economics, School of Arts and Sciences, Columbia University

New York City, New York (USA)

89.46540.39
70Economics Department, Queen's University

Kingston, Canada

90.47541.71
71School of Economics, University College Dublin

Dublin, Ireland

90.88291.01
72Federal Reserve Bank of New York

New York City, New York (USA)

91.24791.02
73Department of Economics, University of Toronto

Toronto, Canada

92.92602.38
74Department of Economics, University of Connecticut

Storrs, Connecticut (USA)

92.97402.35
75Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Bonn, Germany

93.546631.45
76Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics (IIE)

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

94.17281.2
---Department of Economics, Tepper School of Business Administration, Carnegie Mellon University

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (USA)

95.73150.29
---Department of Economics, Fakulteit Ekonomiese en Bestuurswetenskappe, University of Stellenbosch

Stellenbosch, South Africa

96.08583.7
77Fakulteit Ekonomiese en Bestuurswetenskappe, University of Stellenbosch

Stellenbosch, South Africa

96.08653.7
---UBS International Center of Economics in Society, Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakutät, Universität Zürich

Zürich, Switzerland

97.1751.45
78Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

Groningen, Netherlands

97.22783.7
79John E. Walker Department of Economics, Clemson University

Clemson, South Carolina (USA)

97.3241.1
---Industrial Relations Section, Department of Economics, Princeton University

Princeton, New Jersey (USA)

98.1941.08
80Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge

Cambridge, United Kingdom

98.76672.57
81Economics, New York University Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

101.9850.84
82UNSW Business School, UNSW (Australia)

Sydney, Australia

102.29772.56
83Department of Economics, University of Colorado

Boulder, Colorado (USA)

103.7301.94
84École des Sciences Économiques de Louvain, Université Catholique de Louvain

Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium

103.931301.53
---Paris-Jourdan Sciences Économiques (PSE), Paris School of Economics

Paris, France

105.32241.69
85Department of Economics, Ohio State University

Columbus, Ohio (USA)

106.17321.1
86Department of Economics, University of Houston

Houston, Texas (USA)

106.29191.36
87Department of Economics, University of California-Irvine

Irvine, California (USA)

107.92312.1
88Department of Economics, Duke University

Durham, North Carolina (USA)

108.13452.32
89School of Business, Management and Economics, University of Sussex

Brighton, United Kingdom

109.25762.68
---Centre for Economic Performance (CEP), London School of Economics (LSE)

London, United Kingdom

110.53661.65
90Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management, Université Libre de Bruxelles

Bruxelles, Belgium

111.251653.24
91Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Chicago

Chicago, Illinois (USA)

111.26181
92Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research (IGIER), Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi

Milano, Italy

114.79391.36
---Strategy and Business Economics Division, Sauder School of Business, University of British Columbia

Vancouver, Canada

116.46150.58
93Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta

Atlanta, Georgia (USA)

117.38260.67
94Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University

Atlanta, Georgia (USA)

118.67593.75
---Research and Statistics Group, Federal Reserve Bank of New York

New York City, New York (USA)

120.59590.91
95Facultat d'Economia i Empresa, Universitat de Barcelona

Barcelona, Spain

123.9210710.73
---Economic Research Department, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta

Atlanta, Georgia (USA)

124.01230.66
96Ekonomihögskolan, Lunds Universitet

Lund, Sweden

125.02976.25
97Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University

New Haven, Connecticut (USA)

126.56180.15
98Facultad de Economía y Empresa, Universidad de Zaragoza

Zaragoza, Spain

128.2607.29
---Department of Economics, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University

Atlanta, Georgia (USA)

128.21563.07
99European Central Bank

Frankfurt am Main, Germany

130.131633.03
100Brookings Institution

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

130.27290.58
101Center for Research in Economics, Management and the Arts (CREMA)

Basel/Zürich, Switzerland

130.3990.18
102School of Economics, University of Adelaide

Adelaide, Australia

131.35292.51
103Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche, Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna

Bologna, Italy

131.49934.91
104Department of Economics, University of Minnesota

Minneapolis, Minnesota (USA)

134.73290.21
105Economics Department, University of Essex

Colchester, United Kingdom

136.77461.8
---Department of Economics, Sciences économiques, Sciences Po

Paris, France

137.96403.29
106Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Urbana-Champaign, Illinois (USA)

142.09362.04
---Economic Research, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco

San Francisco, California (USA)

142.15320.52
107CESifo

München, Germany

144.372641
108Wirtschaftswissenschaftlicher Fachbereich, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn

Bonn, Germany

145.53470.81
109Economics Department, Williams College

Williamstown, Massachusetts (USA)

146.72282.54
110Centre for Global Economic History (CGEH), Universiteit Utrecht

Utrecht, Netherlands

148.5135.82
---Departament d'Economia i Empresa, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE)

Barcelona, Spain

149.33863.44
111Collegio Carlo Alberto, Università degli Studi di Torino

Moncalieri, Italy

149.34611.17
112Cato Institute

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

150.1550.26
113Groupe de Recherche en Économie Théorique et Appliquée (GREThA), Université de Bordeaux

Bordeaux, France

151.12736
114Departamento de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Madrid, Spain

152.6134.3
---Applied Economics Workshop, Booth School of Business, University of Chicago

Chicago, Illinois (USA)

152.7750.24
115Henley Business School, University of Reading

Reading, United Kingdom

152.77284.27
116Sauder School of Business, University of British Columbia

Vancouver, Canada

152.79230.64
117Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (USA)

153.45230.87
118Department of Economics, Washington University in St. Louis

St. Louis, Missouri (USA)

154.29290.26
119Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies (KITeS/CESPRI), Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi

Milano, Italy

156.11170.85
120Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco

San Francisco, California (USA)

156.29360.46
---School of Economics, UNSW Business School, UNSW (Australia)

Sydney, Australia

156.42462.13
121Banca d'Italia

Roma, Italy

156.871715.73
122W.P. Carey School of Business, Arizona State University

Tempe, Arizona (USA)

157.92450.49
---Department of Economics, W.P. Carey School of Business, Arizona State University

Tempe, Arizona (USA)

157.92360.49
---Economic Research Department, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

Chicago, Illinois (USA)

158.89201.07
123Inter-American Development Bank

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

159.23952.59
124Universidad del CEMA

Buenos Aires, Argentina

162.54413.22
125Department of Economics, International Business School, Brandeis University

Waltham, Massachusetts (USA)

162.83321.04
---International Economics Section, Department of Economics, Princeton University

Princeton, New Jersey (USA)

163.7140.12
126RAND

Santa Monica, California (USA)

164.53271.38
127Economics Department, Wesleyan University

Middletown, Connecticut (USA)

164.75171.52
128Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University

Tokyo, Japan

168.18172.38
129Department of Economics, University of Maryland

College Park, Maryland (USA)

168.88450.62
130Department of Economics, Carleton University

Ottawa, Canada

171.55472.78
131Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University

Canberra, Australia

171.921421.28
132Facoltà di Economia, Università degli Studi di Roma "Tor Vergata"

Roma, Italy

172.771044.72
133Facultad de Economía, Universidad de los Andes

Bogotá, Colombia

173.63654.61
134Department of Economics, Cornell University

Ithaca, New York (USA)

174.05450.38
135School of Economics, University of Kent

Canterbury, United Kingdom

175.38450.89
136Banque de France

Paris, France

176.451353.18
---Nationalekonomiska Institutionen, Ekonomihögskolan, Lunds Universitet

Lund, Sweden

176.68752.78
137Monash Business School, Monash University

Melbourne, Australia

178.071332.68
138School of Business, University of Alberta

Edmonton, Canada

180.01120.16
139Abteilung für Volkswirtschaftslehre, Universität Mannheim

Mannheim, Germany

180.39531.51
140Economics Department, Michigan State University

East Lansing, Michigan (USA)

181.23460.32
---Economic Studies, Brookings Institution

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

181.24110.34
141Handelshögskolan i Stockholm

Stockholm, Sweden

182.68551.33
142Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques (OCDE)

Paris, France

182.922163.41
143Business School, University of Technology Sydney

Sydney, Australia

183.65770.18
---Economics Discipline Group, Business School, University of Technology Sydney

Sydney, Australia

183.65290.18
---Department of Finance and Business Economics, Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California

Los Angeles, California (USA)

183.67130.5
144Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California

Los Angeles, California (USA)

183.67190.5
145Department of Economics, Tufts University

Medford, Massachusetts (USA)

185.3200.42
146Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto

Toronto, Canada

188.17370.38
147Krannert School of Management, Purdue University

West Lafayette, Indiana (USA)

188.8220.41
---Department of Economics, School of Business, Management and Economics, University of Sussex

Brighton, United Kingdom

189.16481.97
---Historical Economics and Development Group (HEDG), Institut for Virksomhedsledelse og Økonomi, Syddansk Universitet

Odense, Denmark

190.2123.61
148Economics Department, University of California-Santa Cruz (UCSC)

Santa Cruz, California (USA)

190.67250.41
149Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Universiteit van Amsterdam

Amsterdam, Netherlands

191.12842.26
150Banco de la Republica de Colombia

Bogotá, Colombia

192.531002.19
151Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

19360.35
152Argyros School of Business and Economics, Chapman University

Orange, California (USA)

194.54460.64
153Department of Economics, Bar Ilan University

Ramat-Gan, Israel

195.61171.27
154Department of Economics, University of Notre Dame

South Bend, Indiana (USA)

196.58281.9
155American Enterprise Institute

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

196.82170.29
156Department of Economics, State University of New York-Binghamton (SUNY)

Binghamton, New York (USA)

197.32141.04
157CentER for Economic Research, Universiteit van Tilburg

Tilburg, Netherlands

197.831101.13
158New Economic School (NES)

Moscow, Russia

198.05442.06
159Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN)

Stockholm, Sweden

199.19641.01
160Management School, Queen's University

Belfast, United Kingdom

200.13204.5
---Institut de Recherche Économique et Sociale (IRES), École des Sciences Économiques de Louvain, Université Catholique de Louvain

Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium

200.96631.27
161Département de Sciences Économiques, Université de Montréal

Montréal, Canada

201.55241.74
162Department of Economics, University College London (UCL)

London, United Kingdom

202.08731.06
163Fuqua School of Business, Duke University

Durham, North Carolina (USA)

203.3170.12
164National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS)

Tokyo, Japan

205.27340.72
---Business, Government and the International Economy (BGIE) Unit, Harvard Business School, Harvard University

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

205.5150.23
165Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED)

Paris, France

205.71273.91
166School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University

Bloomington, Indiana (USA)

205.86110.38
167Department of Economics, University of Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (USA)

206.09280.63
168Central Bank of Ireland

Dublin, Ireland

208.03240.39
169Facultad de Ciencia Económicas y Administrativas, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Santiago, Chile

209.21432.18
170Department of Economics, University of Southern California

Los Angeles, California (USA)

209.46360.08
171Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center, Stanford University

Stanford, California (USA)

209.830.32
172Université Paris-Dauphine (Paris IX)

Paris, France

212.311173.35
173Department of Economics, Colgate University

Hamilton, New York (USA)

212.74131.36
174Institute for International Economic Studies (IIES), Stockholms Universitet

Stockholm, Sweden

214.09311.59
175Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät, Humboldt-Universität Berlin

Berlin, Germany

215.65861.7
176Bangor Business School, Bangor University

Bangor, United Kingdom

216.54331.4
177Saïd Business School, Oxford University

Oxford, United Kingdom

218.26300.43
178College of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Aeroneautics and Astronautics

Nanjing, China

218.5220.5
179Department of Economics, University of Stirling

Stirling, United Kingdom

218.61191.8
180Department of Economics, University of California-Riverside

Riverside, California (USA)

218.68222.41
---Center for Research in Security Prices (CRSP), Booth School of Business, University of Chicago

Chicago, Illinois (USA)

220.9410.03
---Business Economics, Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto

Toronto, Canada

222.19100.19
181Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi", Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia

Modena, Italy

222.82422.3
---Economic Science Institute (ESI), Argyros School of Business and Economics, Chapman University

Orange, California (USA)

224.48410.35
---Finance Department, Stern School of Business, New York University (NYU)

New York City, New York (USA)

224.83130.16
182Department of Economics, University of Mississippi

University, Mississippi (USA)

226.3281.72
183Motu: Economic & Public Policy Research

Wellington, New Zealand

229.9180.26
184Economics Department, Oberlin College

Oberlin, Ohio (USA)

230.3240.62
185Eitan Berglas School of Economics, Tel Aviv University

Tel Aviv, Israel

231.19220.32
---Groningen Growth and Development Centre (GGDC), Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

Groningen, Netherlands

231.76141.43
---Instituto de Economía, Facultad de Ciencia Económicas y Administrativas, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Santiago, Chile

233.27311.77
186Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät, Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen

Tübingen, Germany

234.67282.11
187Bank of Canada

Ottawa, Canada

235.31042.75
---Economics Department, Eller College of Management, University of Arizona

Tucson, Arizona (USA)

237.5680.33
188Eller College of Management, University of Arizona

Tucson, Arizona (USA)

237.5690.33
189London Business School (LBS)

London, United Kingdom

238.51330.33
---Finance Group, Anderson Graduate School of Management, University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA)

Los Angeles, California (USA)

240.2970.22
---Finance Department, Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (USA)

240.41270.22
190Faculty of Business and Economics, University of Melbourne

Melbourne, Australia

242.05952.17
---Department of Economics, Monash Business School, Monash University

Melbourne, Australia

242.36622.31
---Financial Institutions Center, Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (USA)

243.54100.09
---Management Department, Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (USA)

243.8940.23
191Økonomisk Institut, Københavns Universitet

København, Denmark

245.28632.45
192Department of Economics, University of Birmingham

Birmingham, United Kingdom

246.28330.82
---Finance Area, Fuqua School of Business, Duke University

Durham, North Carolina (USA)

250.9780.04
---Griswold Center for Economic Policy Studies, Department of Economics, Princeton University

Princeton, New Jersey (USA)

252.4420.05
193Fisher College of Business, Ohio State University

Columbus, Ohio (USA)

252.5191.05
194Department of Management, Technology and Economics (D-MTEC), Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETHZ)

Zürich, Switzerland

252.83622.21
195Tuck School of Business, Dartmouth College

Hanover, New Hampshire (USA)

253.4170.04
196Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo

Tokyo, Japan

256.9332.32
197Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam

Rotterdam, Netherlands

256.961020.74
---European Centre for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES), Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management, Université Libre de Bruxelles

Bruxelles, Belgium

257.03690.95
198Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University

Cardiff, United Kingdom

259.09481.16
199School of Business and Economics, Maastricht University

Maastricht, Netherlands

262.051010.81
---Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE), École des Sciences Économiques de Louvain, Université Catholique de Louvain

Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium

265.52660.26
200Department of Economics, State University of New York-Buffalo (SUNY)

Buffalo, New York (USA)

266.75130.4
---Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche, Dipartimento di Economia e Management, Università degli Studi di Brescia

Brescia, Italy

267.91131.49
201Dipartimento di Economia e Management, Università degli Studi di Brescia

Brescia, Italy

267.91181.49
202Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna

Pisa, Italy

269.15302.59
---Economics Section, Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University

Cardiff, United Kingdom

269.37361.13
203Cass Business School, City University

London, United Kingdom

269.82360.27
204School of Economics, Finance and Management, University of Bristol

Bristol, United Kingdom

269.9491.92
---Centre de Recerca en Economia Internacional (CREI), Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE)

Barcelona, Spain

270.14180.19
205Department of Commerce, Government of the United States

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

270.5510.88
---Centre de recherche en Économie (OFCE), Sciences économiques, Sciences Po

Paris, France

270.75431.15
206IESE Business School, Universidad de Navarra

Barcelona, Spain

270.91160.27
207Department of Economics and Related Studies, University of York

York, United Kingdom

272.17842.68
208Scheller College of Business, Georgia Institute of Technology

Atlanta, Georgia (USA)

273.6380.25
209Judge Business School, University of Cambridge

Cambridge, United Kingdom

273.74270.44

Top 10% authors in the field of Business, Economic & Financial History

This ranking is based on registered authors only, and only those who are classified within this field. Authors can register at the RePEc Author Service.
RankAuthorScore
1Michael David Bordo

Department of Economics, Rutgers University-New Brunswick, New Brunswick, New Jersey (USA)

3.35
2Kenneth S Rogoff

Department of Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

3.43
3Carmen M. Reinhart

Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

3.71
4Robert M. Solow

Economics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

5.7
5Barry Julian Eichengreen

Department of Economics, University of California-Berkeley, Berkeley, California (USA)

5.78
6Robert J. Gordon

Department of Economics, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois (USA)

5.79
7Anthony Barnes Atkinson

Economics Group, Nuffield College, Department of Economics, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

6.45
8Oded Galor

Economics Department, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island (USA)

10.41
9Thomas Piketty

Paris School of Economics, Paris, France

10.54
10Nicholas Crafts

Department of Economics, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom

11.32
11Daron Acemoglu

Economics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

11.86
12Thomas J. Sargent

Department of Economics, New York University (NYU), New York City, New York (USA)

13.15
13Alan M. Taylor

Economics Department, University of California-Davis, Davis, California (USA)

14.67
14Christophe Chamley

Department of Economics, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts (USA)
Paris-Jourdan Sciences Économiques (PSE), Paris School of Economics, Paris, France

16.52
15Jeffrey Gale Williamson

17.36
16Lawrence F. Katz

Department of Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

17.56
17Hans-Joachim Voth

UBS International Center of Economics in Society, Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakutät, Universität Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakutät, Universität Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

18.55
18James Alan Robinson

Institute for Quantitative Social Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

18.92
19Anna Jacobson Schwartz †

19.13
20Raghuram G. Rajan

George J. Stigler Center for the Study of the Economy and the State, Booth School of Business, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (USA)

19.74
21Robert Andrew Margo

Department of Economics, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts (USA)

21.84
22Paul A. Samuelson †

22.91
23Kevin Hjortshøj O'Rourke

Economic and Social History, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom
Department of Economics, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

24.94
24Claudia Goldin

Department of Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

25.86
25William Poole

Cato Institute, Washington, District of Columbia (USA)
Department of Economics, Lerner College of Business and Economics, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware (USA)

28.02
26Douglas A. Irwin

Economics Department, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire (USA)

28.56
27Valerie Ann Ramey

Department of Economics, University of California-San Diego (UCSD), La Jolla, California (USA)

28.92
28Nathan Nunn

Department of Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

30.07
29Oliver E. Williamson

Walter A. Haas School of Business, University of California-Berkeley, Berkeley, California (USA)

30.41
30Andrei Shleifer

Department of Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

32.91
31Graciela Laura Kaminsky

Department of Economics, George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia (USA)
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

33.19
32Ross Levine

Walter A. Haas School of Business, University of California-Berkeley, Berkeley, California (USA)

33.94
33Stephen Broadberry

Department of Economics, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom

34.79
34William Easterly

Department of Economics, New York University (NYU), New York City, New York (USA)

35.68
35Robert Carson Allen

Economics, New York University Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

36.27
36David Laidler

Department of Economics, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada

36.62
37Gregory Clark

Economics Department, University of California-Davis, Davis, California (USA)

38.7
38Emmanuel Saez

Department of Economics, University of California-Berkeley, Berkeley, California (USA)

38.85
39James J. Heckman

Department of Economics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (USA)

38.98
40Edward Ludwig Glaeser

Department of Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

39.65
41Timothy W. Guinnane

Economics Department, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (USA)

39.7
42Timothy J. Besley

Economics Department, London School of Economics (LSE), London, United Kingdom

40.46
43Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes

Département Comptabilité, Droit, Finance et Économie, Groupe EDHEC (École de Hautes Études Commerciales du Nord), Lille/Paris, France

40.7
44Marc Flandreau

International Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Genève, Switzerland

40.8
45Cormac Ó Gráda

School of Economics, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

41.08
46Roger E. Backhouse

Department of Economics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
Erasmus Institute for Philosophy and Economics (EIPE), Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Netherlands

45.29
47Frederic Mishkin

Finance and Economics Department, Graduate School of Business, Columbia University, New York City, New York (USA)

46.11
48Deirdre N. McCloskey

Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (USA)

48.99
49Price Vanmeter Fishback

Economics Department, Eller College of Management, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (USA)
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

49.35
50Eugene Nelson White

Department of Economics, Rutgers University-New Brunswick, New Brunswick, New Jersey (USA)

51.56
51Hossein Askari

52.15
52Lee Edward Ohanian

Department of Economics, University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California (USA)

54.83
53Peter Rousseau

Department of Economics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee (USA)

55.59
54Christopher M. Meissner

Economics Department, University of California-Davis, Davis, California (USA)

55.63
55Leonid Hurwicz †

56.27
56Stefano Fenoaltea

Collegio Carlo Alberto, Università degli Studi di Torino, Moncalieri, Italy

59.26
57Maurice Obstfeld

Department of Economics, University of California-Berkeley, Berkeley, California (USA)

59.32
58Hoyt Bleakley

Economics Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (USA)

59.66
59Joerg Baten

Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät, Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany

60.66
60John H. Komlos

Volkswirtschaftliche Fakultät, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, München, Germany

61.15
61Dora L. Costa

Department of Economics, University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California (USA)

62.02
62David C Wheelock

Research Division, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri (USA)

62.24
63Simon Johnson

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

62.34
64Dale Jorgenson

Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

62.49
65Douglas W. Allen

Department of Economics, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada

65.7
66Sebastian Edwards

Center for Global Management, Anderson Graduate School of Management, University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California (USA)

65.82
67Bruno S. Frey

Center for Research in Economics, Management and the Arts (CREMA), Basel/Zürich, Switzerland

67.63
68James Bradford DeLong

Department of Economics, University of California-Berkeley, Berkeley, California (USA)

68.34
69Avner Greif

Department of Economics, Stanford University, Stanford, California (USA)

68.51
70Ludger Woessmann

ifo Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München e.V., München, Germany

69.53
71Romain Wacziarg

Anderson Graduate School of Management, University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California (USA)

70.09
72Hugh Rockoff

Department of Economics, Rutgers University-New Brunswick, New Brunswick, New Jersey (USA)

74.03
73Orley Ashenfelter

Department of Economics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (USA)

74.06
74Leandro Prados de la Escosura

Departamento de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

74.96
75Steven Klepper †

77.78
76Marvin Goodfriend

Department of Economics, Tepper School of Business Administration, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (USA)

78
77Robert William Fogel †

82.15
78Jan Luiten van Zanden

Centre for Global Economic History (CGEH), Universiteit Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands

84.06
79Zvi Eckstein

School of Economics, Interdisciplinary Center (IDC), Herzliya, Israel

85.87
80Gavin Wright

Department of Economics, Stanford University, Stanford, California (USA)

86.46
81Sascha O. Becker

Department of Economics, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom

87.37
82Peter H. Lindert

Economics Department, University of California-Davis, Davis, California (USA)

88.04
83Timothy James Hatton

Economics Department, University of Essex, Colchester, United Kingdom

88.08
84Richard H. Steckel

Department of Economics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio (USA)

90.2
85Nico Voigtländer

Center for Global Management, Anderson Graduate School of Management, University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California (USA)

91.48
86Takeo Hoshi

Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center, Stanford University, Stanford, California (USA)

92.02
87Josh Lerner

Harvard Business School, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

93.08
88Wolfgang Keller

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

93.28
89William N. Goetzmann

School of Management, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (USA)

93.34
90Kenneth Lee Sokoloff †

94.41
91Howard Bodenhorn

John E. Walker Department of Economics, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina (USA)

95.01
92Moritz Schularick

Wirtschaftswissenschaftlicher Fachbereich, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, Bonn, Germany

95.14
93Joseph Haubrich

Economic Research, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Cleveland, Ohio (USA)

96.24
94Charles W. Calomiris

97.14
95Gary Richardson

Department of Economics, University of California-Irvine, Irvine, California (USA)

97.85
96Richard S. Grossman

Economics Department, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut (USA)

98.26
97Francois Velde

Economic Research Department, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (USA)

100.68
98David Walter Galenson

Department of Economics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (USA)
Universidad del CEMA, Buenos Aires, Argentina

101.24
99Claudia Olivetti

Department of Economics, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts (USA)

101.88
100John Henry Alexander Munro

Department of Economics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

102.1
101Randall Morck

School of Business, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada

102.78
102Heinz D. Kurz

103.72
103Jacob Louis Weisdorf

Institut for Virksomhedsledelse og Økonomi, Syddansk Universitet, Odense, Denmark

104.64
104Ellis W. Tallman

Economics Department, Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio (USA)

104.93
105Luigi Zingales

Booth School of Business, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (USA)

105.6
106Thomas A. Mroz

Department of Economics, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia (USA)

106.99
107John Michael van Reenen

Centre for Economic Performance (CEP), London School of Economics (LSE), London, United Kingdom

108.17
108Robert H. Rasche

Research Division, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri (USA)

109.94
109Gregor W. Smith

Economics Department, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada

111.11
110Jeremy Greenwood

Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (USA)

111.46
111Paul A. David

Department of Economics, Stanford University, Stanford, California (USA)

111.85
112Yasushi Hamao

Department of Finance and Business Economics, Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California (USA)

112.25
113Franco Malerba

Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies (KITeS/CESPRI), Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi, Milano, Italy

113.18
114David S. Jacks

Department of Economics, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada

113.65
115Peng Zhou

College of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Aeroneautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, China

115.42
116Farley Grubb

Department of Economics, Lerner College of Business and Economics, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware (USA)

116.13
117Clifford M. Winston

Economic Studies, Brookings Institution, Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

116.77
118David B. Audretsch

School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana (USA)

116.88
119Howard J. Shatz

RAND, Santa Monica, California (USA)

118.04
120Jeremy Atack

Department of Economics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee (USA)

119.16
121Robert E. Baldwin †

120.14
122Anthony Philip Thirlwall

School of Economics, University of Kent, Canterbury, United Kingdom

120.8
123William J. Collins

Department of Economics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee (USA)

121.78
124Frank Levy

Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

121.85
125Edward Nelson

Federal Reserve Board (Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System), Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

122.61
126Elroy Dimson

London Business School (LBS), London, United Kingdom
Judge Business School, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

123.39
127Nikolaus Wolf

Institut für Wirtschaftsgeschichte, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät, Humboldt-Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany

124.63
128Victor A. Ginsburgh

European Centre for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES), Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium
Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE), École des Sciences Économiques de Louvain, Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium

126.15
129Paul W. Rhode

Economics Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (USA)

128.52
130Leah Platt Boustan

Department of Economics, University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California (USA)

128.73
131Christopher Hanes

Department of Economics, State University of New York-Binghamton (SUNY), Binghamton, New York (USA)

129.27
132Kevin D. Hoover

Department of Economics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (USA)

130.31
133Enrico Spolaore

Department of Economics, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts (USA)

130.39
134Martha J. Bailey

Economics Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (USA)

130.5
135James Dana Fearon

132.55
136Stephen James Redding

International Economics Section, Department of Economics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (USA)

135.41
137Ellen R. McGrattan

Department of Economics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota (USA)

137.47
138L. Randall Wray

Center for Full Employment and Price Stability, Department of Economics, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri (USA)
Levy Economics Institute, Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York (USA)

138.05
139Basil J. Moore

Bureau for Economic Research, Fakulteit Ekonomiese en Bestuurswetenskappe, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa

139.81
140Jan Ernst Fagerberg

IKE Gruppen, Institut for Økonomi og Ledelse, Aalborg Universitet, Aalborg, Denmark

140.4
141Kaivan Munshi

Economics Department, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island (USA)

141.01
142Warren E. Weber

Research Department, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, Minneapolis, Minnesota (USA)

141.37
143Branko Milanovic

Economics Research, World Bank Group, Washington, District of Columbia (USA)
School of Public Policy, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland (USA)

143.98
144Michael Greenstone

Economics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

145.05
145William Roberds

Economic Research Department, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Atlanta, Georgia (USA)

146.34
146Knick Harley

Department of Economics, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

146.49
147Stefan Gerlach

Central Bank of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland

146.69
148Avner Offer

Economic and Social History, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom
Department of Economics, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

149.3
149Athanasios Orphanides

Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

152.07
150Louis Putterman

Economics Department, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island (USA)

152.39
151Shmuel Kandel †

152.59
152Leonard Dudley

Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche en Économie Quantitative (CIREQ), Montréal, Canada
Département de Sciences Économiques, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Canada

153.31
153Ian W. McLean

School of Economics, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia

153.4
154Rainer Fremdling

Groningen Growth and Development Centre (GGDC), Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
DIW Berlin (Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung), Berlin, Germany

154.08
155Erwin Bulte

Leerstoelgroep Ontwikkelingseconomie, Wageningen Universiteit en Researchcentrum, Wageningen, Netherlands

155.18
156Johan Fourie

Department of Economics, Fakulteit Ekonomiese en Bestuurswetenskappe, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa

157.92
157Zoltan J. Acs

School of Policy, Government and International Affairs (SPGIA), George Mason University, Arlington, Virginia (USA)
Department of Management, London School of Economics (LSE), London, United Kingdom

158.47
158Lawrence J. White

Economics Department, Stern School of Business, New York University (NYU), New York City, New York (USA)

158.95
159Owen F. Humpage

Economic Research, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Cleveland, Ohio (USA)
Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Cleveland, Ohio (USA)

159.71
160Petra Moser

Department of Economics, Stanford University, Stanford, California (USA)

160.62
161Bernardo Batiz-Lazo

Bangor Business School, Bangor University, Bangor, United Kingdom

165.59
162Graziella Bertocchi

Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi", Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy

166.33
163Vernon W. Ruttan †

167.33
164Antonio Ciccone

Departament d'Economia i Empresa, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE), Barcelona, Spain

168.04
165Chinhui Juhn

Department of Economics, University of Houston, Houston, Texas (USA)

168.92
166Albrecht Ritschl

Department of Economic History, London School of Economics (LSE), London, United Kingdom

168.95

The data presented here is experimental. It is based on a limited sample of the research output in Economics and Finance. Only material catalogued in RePEc is considered. For any citation based criterion, only works that could be parsed by the CitEc project are considered. For any ranking of people, only those registered with the RePEc Author Service can be taken into account. And for rankings of institutions, only those listed in EDIRC and claimed as affiliation by the respective, registered authors can be measured. Thus, this list is by no means based on a complete sample. You can help making this more comprehensive by encouraging more publications to be listed (instructions) and more authors to register (form). For more details on the various rankings that are available as well for documentation, follow this link.

Credits:

We do our best, but we cannot exclude errors.
This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.