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Innovationsverhalten der deutschen Wirtschaft: Ein Vergleich zwischen Ost- und Westdeutschland ; BMFT-Projektnummer PLI 1603

  • Felder, Johannes
  • Harhoff, Dietmar
  • Licht, Georg
  • Nerlinger, Eric A.
  • Stahl, Harald

Im Zuge der Umstrukturierung der ostdeutschen Wirtschaft verringerte sich die Produktion in den neuen Bundesländern im Zeitraum von 1989 bis 1991 um über 42 Prozent. Auch 1992 war der Schrumpfungsprozeß noch nicht abgeschlossen und führte weiterhin zu einem starken Beschäftigungsabbau sowie zu einem Rückgang des Sachanlagenbestandes. Zwar konnte der ab 1992 zunehmende Einsatz neuer Produktionstechniken noch nicht den mit der Deindustrialisierung verbundenen Abbau von Sachkapital und Beschäftigung in Ostdeutschland kompensieren, er führte aber - zusammen mit anderen Faktoren - zu einem Anstieg des ostdeutschen Einkommens. Das Bruttoinlandsprodukt pro Erwerbstätigen stieg von ca. 28 Prozent im Jahre 1991 innerhalb von zwei Jahren auf ca. 46 Prozent des westdeutschen Niveaus. Diese Zahlen signalisieren allerdings keineswegs, daß eine Angleichung der Leistungskraft der ostdeutschen Unternehmen an die ihrer westdeutschen Konkurrenten unmittelbar bevorsteht. Vielmehr wird dieser Prozeß nach heutigem Stand des Wissens noch Jahrzehnte dauern. ...

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Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Dokumentationen with number 95-03.

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Date of creation: 1995
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdok:9503
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  1. J. Bradford DeLong & Lawrence H. Summers, 1992. "Equipment Investment and Economic Growth: How Strong Is the Nexus?," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 23(2), pages 157-212.
  2. Barro, Robert J & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1992. "Convergence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(2), pages 223-51, April.
  3. Rudiger Dornbusch & Holger Wolf, 1992. "Economic Transition in Eastern Germany," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 23(1), pages 235-272.
  4. Robert J. Barro & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1991. "Convergence across States and Regions," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(1), pages 107-182.
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