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Die Auswirkung der Forschungs- und Technologiepolitik auf die Innovationsaktivitäten ostdeutscher Unternehmen

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  • Czarnitzki, Dirk

Abstract

Ostdeutsche Unternehmen werden seit der deutschen Wiedervereinigung bei staatlichen Subventionsprogrammen besonders berücksichtigt. Diese Studie untersucht die Auswirkungen der Forschungs- und Technologiepolitik auf die Innovationsaktivitäten von Unternehmen der neuen Bundesländer. Es stellt sich die Frage, ob die Teilnehmer der Fördermaßnahmen tatsächlich mehr in Innovationen investieren oder ob sie private Gelder gegen die öffentlichen Mittel substituieren. Zur Analyse verwende ich einen Matching?Ansatz. Es zeigt sich, dass die ostdeutschen Unternehmen ohne die Zuteilung der öffentlichen Gelder deutlich weniger Innovationsaktivitäten unternommen hätten.

Suggested Citation

  • Czarnitzki, Dirk, 2001. "Die Auswirkung der Forschungs- und Technologiepolitik auf die Innovationsaktivitäten ostdeutscher Unternehmen," ZEW Discussion Papers 01-05, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:5360
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Schmidt, Christoph M., 1999. "Knowing What Works: The Case for Rigorous Program Evaluation," IZA Discussion Papers 77, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Fertig, Michael & Schmidt, Christoph M., 2000. "Discretionary Measures of Active Labor Market Policy: The German Employment Promotion Reform in Perspective," IZA Discussion Papers 182, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Lerner, Josh, 1999. "The Government as Venture Capitalist: The Long-Run Impact of the SBIR Program," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 72(3), pages 285-318, July.
    4. Holemans, Benni & Sleuwaegen, Leo, 1988. "Innovation expenditures and the role of government in Belgium," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 17(6), pages 375-379, December.
    5. Ragnitz, Joachim, 2000. "Die Zukunft der Ost-Förderung," Wirtschaftsdienst – Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik (1949 - 2007), ZBW – German National Library of Economics / Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 80(4), pages 225-229.
    6. James J. Heckman & Hidehiko Ichimura & Petra Todd, 1998. "Matching As An Econometric Evaluation Estimator," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 65(2), pages 261-294.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Czarnitzki, Dirk & Licht, Georg, 2004. "Die Rolle der Innovationsförderung im Aufholprozess Ostdeutschlands," ZEW Discussion Papers 04-68, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    2. Stierwald, Andreas & Wiemers, Jürgen, 2003. "Auswirkungen der Gemeinschaftsaufgabe zur „Verbesserung der regionalen Wirtschaftsstruktur“ auf die Investitionstätigkeit - Eine einzelwirtschaftliche Wirkungsanalyse für Betriebe des Verarbeitenden G," IWH Discussion Papers 185, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    3. Oskar Krohmer, 2010. "Zur Verdrängungswirkung staatlicher FuE-Förderung," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 17(04), pages 49-51, 08.
    4. Czarnitzki, Dirk & Fier, Andreas, 2003. "Publicly Funded R&D Collaborations and Patent Outcome in Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 03-24, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    5. Eckey, Hans-Friedrich & Kosfeld, Reinhold & Türck, Matthias, 2004. "Regionale Produktionsfunktionen mit Spillover-Effekten für Deutschland," Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 64, University of Kassel, Faculty of Economics and Management.
    6. Czarnitzki, Dirk & Fier, Andreas, 2002. "Do Innovation Subsidies Crowd Out Private Investment? Evidence from the German Service Sector," ZEW Discussion Papers 02-04, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    7. Fier, Andreas & Heger, Diana & Hussinger, Katrin, 2005. "Die Wirkungsanalyse staatlicher Förderprogramme durch den Einsatz von Matching- und Selektionsmodellen am Beispiel der Fertigungstechnik," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-09, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    8. Janina Reinkowski, 2014. "Empirical Essays in the Economics of Ageing and the Economics of Innovation," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 53, June.
    9. Christian Leßmann & Joachim Ragnitz & Beate Schirwitz & Marcel Thum & Susan Kühn & Christian Thater, 2008. "Revolvierende Fonds als Instrument zur Neuausrichtung der Förderpolitik : Gutachten im Auftrag der Sächsischen Landesbank (SAB)," ifo Dresden Studien, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 44, October.
    10. Aerts, Kris & Schmidt, Tobias, 2006. "Two for the price of one? On additionality effects of R&D subsidies: A comparison between Flanders and Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 06-063, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    11. Hujer, Reinhard & Radić, Dubravko, 2005. "Evaluating the Impacts of Subsidies on Innovation Activities in Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-43, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    12. Aerts, Kris & Schmidt, Tobias, 2008. "Two for the price of one?: Additionality effects of R&D subsidies: A comparison between Flanders and Germany," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(5), pages 806-822, June.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • H43 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Project Evaluation; Social Discount Rate

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