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Lebensstandard und Armut im vereinten Deutschland

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  • Böhnke, Petra
  • Delhey, Jan

Abstract

Mit dem vorliegenden Arbeitspapier wird der auf Townsend zurückgehende relative Deprivationsansatz auf die Untersuchung von Lebensstandard und Armut in Deutschland angewendet. Es wird analysiert, welche Vorstellungen die Deutschen in Ost und West von einem angemessenen Lebensstandard haben und welchen Lebensstandard sie tatsächlich realisieren. Auf diesem Wege läßt sich zeigen, wie groß der Anteil der Bevölkerung ist, der von einem als Mindestanforderung definierten Lebensstandard ausgeschlossen ist, welche soziodemographischen Gruppen davon besonders betroffen sind, und ob die Ostdeutschen, wie es die These der transformationsbedingten Umbruchsarmut nahelegt, im vereinten Deutschland in besonderem Maße von Deprivation und Armut betroffen sind. Durch die Kombination des direkten Meßansatzes mit dem indirekten Einkommensansatz können drei Armutslagen herausgestellt werden, die in unterschiedlichem Maße Benachteiligung bedeuten: Einkommensarmut, Versorgungsarmut und doppelte Armut, die durch gravierende Unterversorgung und zugleich durch Einkommensarmut gekennzeichnet ist. Diese drei Armutslagen unterscheiden sich auch in ihrem subjektiven Wohlbefinden voneinander; Lebenszufriedenheit und gesellschaftliche Integration werden bei doppelter Armut deutlich schlechter bewertet. Die Analysen beruhen auf Daten des Wohlfahrtssurvey 1998.

Suggested Citation

  • Böhnke, Petra & Delhey, Jan, 1999. "Lebensstandard und Armut im vereinten Deutschland," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Social Structure and Social Reporting FS III 99-408, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbssr:fsiii99408
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jan Delhey, 2001. "The Prospects of Catching up for New EU Members Lessons for the Accession Countries to the European Union from Previous Enlargements," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 56(2), pages 205-231, November.
    2. Shang-Jin Wei & Yi Wu, 2002. "Negative Alchemy? Corruption, Composition of Capital Flows, and Currency Crises," NBER Chapters,in: Preventing Currency Crises in Emerging Markets, pages 461-506 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Vito Tanzi, 1998. "Corruption Around the World: Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 45(4), pages 559-594, December.
    4. Kaufmann, Daniel & Kraay, Aart & Zoido-Lobaton, Pablo, 1999. "Governance matters," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2196, The World Bank.
    5. Vito Tanzi, 1998. "Corruption Around the World; Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures," IMF Working Papers 98/63, International Monetary Fund.
    6. Easton, David, 1975. "A Re-assessment of the Concept of Political Support," British Journal of Political Science, Cambridge University Press, vol. 5(04), pages 435-457, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Böhnke, Petra, 2001. "Nothing left to lose? Poverty and social exclusion in comparison. Empirical evidence on Germany," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Social Structure and Social Reporting FS III 01-402, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    2. Böhnke, Petra & Delhey, Jan, 1999. "Poverty in a multidimensional perspective: Great Britain and Germany in comparison," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Social Structure and Social Reporting FS III 99-413, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    3. Delhey, Jan & Böhnke, Petra, 1999. "Über die materielle zur inneren Einheit? Wohlstandslagen und subjektives Wohlbefinden in Ost- und Westdeutschland," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Social Structure and Social Reporting FS III 99-412, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    4. Bulmahn, Thomas, 1999. "Attribute einer lebenswerten Gesellschaft: Freiheit, Wohlstand, Sicherheit und Gerechtigkeit," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Social Structure and Social Reporting FS III 99-411, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    5. Bernhard Christoph, 2010. "The Relation Between Life Satisfaction and the Material Situation: A Re-Evaluation Using Alternative Measures," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 98(3), pages 475-499, September.
    6. Hans-Jürgen Andreß, 2006. "Zur Entwicklung von Lebensstandard und Deprivation in Deutschland von 1996 bis 2003," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 75(1), pages 131-151.

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