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Practical aspects of using quadratic moment conditions in linear dynamic panel data models

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  • Pua, Andrew Adrian Yu
  • Fritsch, Markus
  • Schnurbus, Joachim

Abstract

We study the estimation of the lag parameter of linear dynamic panel data models with first order dynamics based on the quadratic Ahn and Schmidt (1995) moment conditions. Our contribution is twofold: First, we show that extending the standard assumptions by mean stationarity and time series homoscedasticity and employing these assumptions in estimation restores standard asymptotics and mitigates the non-standard distributions found in the literature. Second, we consider an IV estimator based on the quadratic moment conditions that consistently identifies the true population parameter under standard assumptions. Standard asymptotics hold for the estimator when the cross section dimension is large and the time series dimension is finite. We also suggest a data-driven approach to obtain standard errors and confidence intervals that preserves the time series dependence structure in the data.

Suggested Citation

  • Pua, Andrew Adrian Yu & Fritsch, Markus & Schnurbus, Joachim, 2019. "Practical aspects of using quadratic moment conditions in linear dynamic panel data models," Passauer Diskussionspapiere, Betriebswirtschaftliche Reihe B-38-19, University of Passau, Faculty of Business and Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:upadbr:b3819
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Maurice J.G. Bun & Frank Kleibergen, 2013. "Identification and inference in moments based analysis of linear dynamic panel data models," UvA-Econometrics Working Papers 13-07, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Dept. of Econometrics.
    2. Arellano, Manuel & Bover, Olympia, 1995. "Another look at the instrumental variable estimation of error-components models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 29-51, July.
    3. Javier Alvarez & Manuel Arellano, 2003. "The Time Series and Cross-Section Asymptotics of Dynamic Panel Data Estimators," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(4), pages 1121-1159, July.
    4. Maurice J.G. Bun & Sarafidis, V., 2013. "Dynamic Panel Data Models," UvA-Econometrics Working Papers 13-01, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Dept. of Econometrics.
    5. Tue Gørgens & Chirok Han & Sen Xue, 2019. "Moment Restrictions and Identification in Linear Dynamic Panel Data Models," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 134, pages 149-176.
    6. Jan Kiviet & Milan Pleus & Rutger Poldermans, 2017. "Accuracy and Efficiency of Various GMM Inference Techniques in Dynamic Micro Panel Data Models," Econometrics, MDPI, vol. 5(1), pages 1-54, March.
    7. Tue Gorgens & Chirok Han & Sen Xue, 2016. "Asymptotic distributions of the quadratic GMM estimator in linear dynamic panel data models," ANU Working Papers in Economics and Econometrics 2016-635, Australian National University, College of Business and Economics, School of Economics.
    8. Arellano, Manuel, 2003. "Panel Data Econometrics," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199245291, November.
    9. Sebastian Kripfganz, 2019. "Generalized method of moments estimation of linear dynamic panel-data models," London Stata Conference 2019 17, Stata Users Group.
    10. Markus Fritsch & Andrew Adrian Pua & Joachim Schnurbus, 2019. "pdynmc - An R-package for estimating linear dynamic panel data models based on linear and nonlinear moment conditions," Working Papers 2019-07-09, Wang Yanan Institute for Studies in Economics (WISE), Xiamen University.
    11. Ahn, Seung C. & Schmidt, Peter, 1997. "Efficient estimation of dynamic panel data models: Alternative assumptions and simplified estimation," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 76(1-2), pages 309-321.
    12. Pua, Andrew Adrian Yu & Fritsch, Markus & Schnurbus, Joachim, 2019. "Large sample properties of an IV estimator based on the Ahn and Schmidt moment conditions," Passauer Diskussionspapiere, Betriebswirtschaftliche Reihe B-37-19, University of Passau, Faculty of Business and Economics.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    panel data; linear dynamic model; quadratic moment conditions; root selection; standard asymptotics; inference;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C18 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Methodolical Issues: General
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C26 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation

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