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The Effect of the 2016 United States Presidential Election on Employment Discrimination

Author

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  • Gorzig, Marina Mileo
  • Rho, Deborah

Abstract

We examine whether employment discrimination increased after the 2016 presidential election in the United States. We submitted fictitious applications to publicly advertised positions using resumes that are manipulated on perceived race and ethnicity (Somali American, African American, and white American). Prior to the 2016 election, employers contacted Somali American applicants slightly less than white applicants but more than African American applicants. After the election, the difference between white and Somali American applicants increased by 8 percentage points. The increased discrimination predominantly occurred in occupations involving interaction with customers. We continued data collection from July 2017 to March 2018 to test for seasonality in discrimination; there was no substantial increase in discrimination after the 2017 election.

Suggested Citation

  • Gorzig, Marina Mileo & Rho, Deborah, 2020. "The Effect of the 2016 United States Presidential Election on Employment Discrimination," GLO Discussion Paper Series 701, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:701
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    discrimination; race/ethnicity; immigration; resume audit; election;

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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