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Fiscal rules and monetary policy in a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model

  • Kremer, Jana
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    In this paper an anti-cyclical fiscal policy rule is introduced into a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model with New-Keynesian features. The rule allows the deficit to deviate from target in proportion to the impact of automatic stabilisers while any additional impact on the deficit, for example on interest expenditure, has to be offset through adjustments of government consumption or taxes. The size of the automatic stabilisers is endogenously determined as the change in the primary deficit that is induced by economic fluctuations for a given tax system. The model is calibrated, and it is shown how the conditions for monetary policy to secure stability and determinacy of the model's equilibrium depend on the fiscal policy rule and, in particular, on the means used to fulfil the rule. It is demonstrated that the Taylor principle holds for reasonable values of the fiscal policy parameter if fiscal policy relies on changes in lump-sum taxes. This runs counter to the benchmark result of Leeper (1991). The same goes for the cases that consumption taxes, profit taxes or government consumption are adjusted to fulfil the fiscal rule. However, if the fiscal rule is met through adjustments of wage or interest tax rates, the range of values of the monetary policy parameter that ensures stability and determinacy change significantly.

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    Paper provided by Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre in its series Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies with number 2004,35.

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    Date of creation: 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:bubdp1:2301
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    1. Greenwood, Jeremy & Huffman, Gregory W., 1991. "Tax analysis in a real-business-cycle model : On measuring Harberger triangles and Okun gaps," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 167-190, April.
    2. Jordi Gali & David López-Salido & Javier Valles, 2004. "Understanding the effects of government spending on consumption," International Finance Discussion Papers 805, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    3. Schmitt-Grohé, Stephanie & Uribe, Martín, 2004. "Optimal Simple and Implementable Monetary and Fiscal Rules," CEPR Discussion Papers 4334, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Galí, Jordi & Vallés, Javier & Wolman, Alexander L., 2003. "Understanding the effects of government spending on consumption," CFS Working Paper Series 2004/23, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
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    7. Jukka Railavo, 2004. "Stability consequences of fiscal policy rules," Macroeconomics 0404020, EconWPA.
    8. Leeper, Eric M., 1991. "Equilibria under 'active' and 'passive' monetary and fiscal policies," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 129-147, February.
    9. Hairault, J.O. & Portier, F., 1992. "Money New-Keynesian Macroeconomics and the Business Cycles," Papiers d'Economie Mathématique et Applications 92.32, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
    10. Alfred Maußner, 2002. "Adjustment Costs and Nominal Rigidities in a Small Open Economy," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 222(4), pages 463-489.
    11. Ludger Linnemann, 1999. "Sectoral and aggregate estimates of the cyclical behavior of markups: Evidence from Germany," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 135(3), pages 480-500, September.
    12. Thomas Lubik, 2003. "Investment Spending,Equilibrium Indeterminacy and the Interactions of Monetary and Fiscal Policy," Economics Working Paper Archive 490, The Johns Hopkins University,Department of Economics.
    13. Dupor, Bill, 2001. "Investment and Interest Rate Policy," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 98(1), pages 85-113, May.
    14. Railavo, Jukka, 2004. "Stability consequences of fiscal policy rules," Research Discussion Papers 1/2004, Bank of Finland.
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