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Aufschwung Ost durch öffentliche Wissenschaftseinrichtungen?

Author

Listed:
  • Ulf Rosner

    (Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg)

  • Grit Leßmann

    (Hochschule Harz FH)

Abstract

Ostdeutsche Unternehmen sind durch eine relative Innovationsschwäche gekennzeichnet, worin auch ein wesentlicher Grund für die Wachstumsschwäche der Region zu sehen ist. Mit der Wende 1989/90 lösten sich bestehende Beziehungsnetzwerke zwischen Wissenschaftseinrichtungen und Unternehmen weitgehend auf. Solche Netzwerke bilden jedoch die notwenige Voraussetzung für regionalen Wissenstransfer. Der vorliegende Beitrag geht am Beispiel der wissensbasierten Unternehmen Sachsen- Anhalts der Frage nach, in welchem Umfang heute Kooperationsbeziehungen bestehen und welche Formen des Wissenstransfers praktiziert werden. Untersucht werden dabei vor allem Kooperationen, die auf die direkte und gemeinsame Entwicklung von Innovationen abzielen. Sowohl auf Seiten der Unternehmen als auch auf Seiten der Wissenschaftseinrichtungen werden Defizite identifiziert, die der Ausnutzung der zweifellos vorhandenen Transferpotenziale entgegenstehen. Es werden Ansatzpunkte aufgezeigt, die zur Verbesserung des Wissenstransfers und damit zur Erhöhung des Wachstumspotenzials in wirtschaftlich aufholenden Regionen wie Ostdeutschland beitragen können.

Suggested Citation

  • Ulf Rosner & Grit Leßmann, 2004. "Aufschwung Ost durch öffentliche Wissenschaftseinrichtungen?," Urban/Regional 0403005, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpur:0403005
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 18
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    File URL: https://econwpa.ub.uni-muenchen.de/econ-wp/urb/papers/0403/0403005.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Becker, Wolfgang & Dietz, Jurgen, 2004. "R&D cooperation and innovation activities of firms--evidence for the German manufacturing industry," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 209-223, March.
    2. Alexander Eickelpasch & Martina Kauffeld-Monz & Ingo Pfeiffer & Ulrich G. Wurzel & Thomas Bachmann, 2001. "Die Förderinitiative InnoRegio: Konzeption und erste Erkenntnisse der wissenschaftlichen Begleitung," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 68(34), pages 525-535.
    3. Jaffe, Adam B, 1989. "Real Effects of Academic Research," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(5), pages 957-970, December.
    4. Michael Fritsch, 2003. "Does R&D-Cooperation Behavior Differ between Regions?," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(1), pages 25-39.
    5. Alexander Eickelpasch & Kurt Hornschild, 2003. "Das InnoRegio-Programm: eine Zwischenbilanz," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 70(50), pages 787-793.
    6. Fritsch, Michael & Franke, Grit, 2004. "Innovation, regional knowledge spillovers and R&D cooperation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 245-255, March.
    7. Kaiser, Ulrich, 2002. "An empirical test of models explaining research expenditures and research cooperation: evidence for the German service sector," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 747-774, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Cited by:

    1. Spyros Arvanitis & Ursina Kubli & Nora Sydow & Martin Woerter, 2005. "Knowledge and Technology Transfer (KTT) Activities Between Universities and Firms in Switzerland: The Main Facts," KOF Working papers 05-115, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Hochschulen; Wissenschaftseinrichtungen; Wissenstransfer; regionales Wachstum;

    JEL classification:

    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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