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Constraints on Private Conservation of Biodiversity


  • Productivity Commission


This paper finds that private sector, which can play an important role in the conservation of biodiversity, is being constrained from doing so by a range of institutional factors. Commonwealth, State and Territory institutional and regulatory arrangements ¡X particularly relating to land tenure, competitive neutrality, native wildlife regulation and taxation frameworks ¡X can impede otherwise desirable private conservation activities. Other key messages in the paper are: „h The institutional frameworks are characterised by extensive and often complex legislation and regulation. At times, the interpretation or application of the frameworks, or of specific legislation or regulation may be uncertain. Further, the legislation and regulation may be applied inconsistently within or between jurisdictions. „h These factors can increase the relative costs and risks of private conservation activities compared with those of other viable land uses. This impact may influence investment decisions and lead to less efficient and less effective conservation outcomes. „h Removing or reducing existing constraints could have positive biodiversity benefits, although further analysis is required to assess the appropriateness or otherwise of specific policy responses.

Suggested Citation

  • Productivity Commission, 2001. "Constraints on Private Conservation of Biodiversity," Others 0107002, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpot:0107002
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gripp, Sharon I. & Luloff, A.E. & Yonkers, Robert D., 1994. "Reporting Response Rates For Telephone Surveys Used In Agricultural Economics Research," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 23(2), October.
    2. Gripp, Sharon I. & Luloff, A.E. & Yonkers, Robert D., 1994. "Reporting Response Rates for Telephone Surveys Used In Agricultural Economics Research," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 23(02), pages 200-206, October.
    3. Steven F. Edwards & Glen D. Anderson, 1987. "Overlooked Biases in Contingent Valuation Surveys: Some Considerations," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 63(2), pages 168-178.
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    Cited by:

    1. Robert Douglas, 2003. "Potential Effects of Selected Taxation Provisions on the Environment," Urban/Regional 0304001, EconWPA.
    2. Greiner, Romy & Ballweg, Julie, 2013. "Estimating the supply of on-farm biodiversity conservation services by north Australian pastoralists: design of a choice experiment," 2013 Conference (57th), February 5-8, 2013, Sydney, Australia 152153, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    3. Gilles Grolleau & Deborah Peterson, 2015. "Biodiversity conservation through private initiative: the case of Earth Sanctuaries Ltd," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 40(2), pages 293-312, October.

    More about this item


    private conservation - biodiversity -environment - land tenure - wildlife - regulation - land tenure - taxation;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics

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