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On the Causal Relationship between Government Expenditure and Tax Revenue in Pakistan

Author

Listed:
  • M. Haider Hussain

    (Social Policy & Development Center)

Abstract

This paper applies the technique of Granger Causality to determine the relationship between total government expenditures and total tax revenue using annual revised estimates. The analysis discovers a firm unidirectional effect from expenditure to revenue suggesting the preference of controlling the spending decisions to reduce the tax revenue-expenditure deficit.

Suggested Citation

  • M. Haider Hussain, 2005. "On the Causal Relationship between Government Expenditure and Tax Revenue in Pakistan," Macroeconomics 0509014, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:0509014
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 12
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    File URL: http://econwpa.repec.org/eps/mac/papers/0509/0509014.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Barro, Robert J, 1974. "Are Government Bonds Net Wealth?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(6), pages 1095-1117, Nov.-Dec..
    2. Michael Marlow & Neela Manage, 1987. "Expenditures and receipts: Testing for causality in state and local government finances," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 53(3), pages 243-255, January.
    3. Joulfaian, David & Mookerjee, Rajen, 1990. "The Intertemporal Relationship between State and Local Government Revenues and Expenditures: Evidence from OECD Countries," Public Finance = Finances publiques, , vol. 45(1), pages 109-117.
    4. von Furstenberg, George M & Green, R Jeffrey & Jeong, Jin-Ho, 1986. "Tax and Spend, or Spend and Tax?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 68(2), pages 179-188, May.
    5. Granger, C W J, 1969. "Investigating Causal Relations by Econometric Models and Cross-Spectral Methods," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 37(3), pages 424-438, July.
    6. Paul R. Blackley, 1986. "Causality Between Revenues and Expenditures and the Size of the Federal Budget," Public Finance Review, , vol. 14(2), pages 139-156, April.
    7. Alan T. Peacock & Jack Wiseman, 1979. "Approaches To the Analysis of Government Expenditure Growth," Public Finance Review, , vol. 7(1), pages 3-23, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Expenditure; Tax Revenue; Causality;

    JEL classification:

    • E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics

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