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Heterogeneity in Price Rigidity: Evidence from a Case Study Using Micro-Level Data

Author

Listed:
  • Daniel Levy

    (Bar-Ilan & Emory)

  • Shantanu Dutta

    (USC)

  • Mark Bergen

    (Minnesota)

Abstract

We combine two data sets to study price rigidity. The first consists of weekly time series of retail, wholesale, and spot prices for twelve products. These time series contain two exogenous cost shocks. We find that prices exhibit more rigidity in response to the second shock than the first. The second data set consists of all publicly available information about the shocks. Content analysis of these information reveals that the first shock is larger and more persistent, and the market has more information on it than the second. We conclude, therefore, that prices are more flexible in response to cost shocks that are larger, that are more persistent, and on which market participants have more information.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Levy & Shantanu Dutta & Mark Bergen, 2004. "Heterogeneity in Price Rigidity: Evidence from a Case Study Using Micro-Level Data," Macroeconomics 0402021, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:0402021
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; prepared on Win 98; to print on Any printer; pages: 38 ; figures: Figures are included
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    Keywords

    price rigidity; price flexibility; sticky prices; flexible prices; variation in price rigidity; variation in price flexibility; exogeneous shock; cost shock; shock persistence; size of shocks; market information; transaction price data; weekly scanner data; spot price; orange juice; frozen concentrate orange juice; futures price; retail price; wholesale price; publicly available information; market response to information; news; price response to exogenous cost shocks; New Keynesian macroeconomics;

    JEL classification:

    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness
    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
    • G13 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Contingent Pricing; Futures Pricing
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L15 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Information and Product Quality
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • L66 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Food; Beverages; Cosmetics; Tobacco
    • L81 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Retail and Wholesale Trade; e-Commerce
    • M21 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Economics - - - Business Economics
    • M31 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Marketing and Advertising - - - Marketing
    • Q11 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices
    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness

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