IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Information Asymmetry, Corporate Debt Financing and Optimal Investment Decisions: A Reduced Form Approach


  • Li Chen

    (Princeton University)

  • H. Vincent Poor

    (Princeton University)


Under the assumption of information asymmetry between market investors and firm managers, a reduced form model of a firm is developed in order to derive optimal investment strategies and capital structures while taking into account the effects of dividend policies and taxes. The motivation of the reduced form approach lies in its empirical implementation tractability. Closed-form solutions for debt issuance prices and debt values from firm managers' perspective are derived. Considering the inconsistency between the two prices incurred from the asymmetric information, a firm's problem of optimal investment risk determination is presented and solved by trading off two opposing effects: asset substitution and default cost. Furthermore, the optimal dividend policy and tax benefits from debt interest payment are also considered, and the application of the model in portfolio management is discussed. Finally, two simple examples are provided. Under these two specific settings, the optimal investment policies are derived explicitly to illustrate the implementation of the model proposed in this paper and demonstrate the general consistency of the results implied by our methodology and the traditional structural framework.

Suggested Citation

  • Li Chen & H. Vincent Poor, 2003. "Information Asymmetry, Corporate Debt Financing and Optimal Investment Decisions: A Reduced Form Approach," Finance 0312008, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpfi:0312008
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; prepared on Winxp; pages: 30; figures: included 4

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Goldstein, Robert & Ju, Nengjiu & Leland, Hayne, 2001. "An EBIT-Based Model of Dynamic Capital Structure," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 74(4), pages 483-512, October.
    2. Li Chen & Damir Filipovic, 2003. "A Simple Model for Credit Migration and Spread Curves," Finance 0305003, EconWPA.
    3. Black, Fischer & Cox, John C, 1976. "Valuing Corporate Securities: Some Effects of Bond Indenture Provisions," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 31(2), pages 351-367, May.
    4. John C. Cox & Jonathan E. Ingersoll Jr. & Stephen A. Ross, 2005. "A Theory Of The Term Structure Of Interest Rates," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Theory Of Valuation, chapter 5, pages 129-164 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    5. Darrell Duffie & Jun Pan & Kenneth Singleton, 2000. "Transform Analysis and Asset Pricing for Affine Jump-Diffusions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 68(6), pages 1343-1376, November.
    6. Leland, Hayne E, 1994. " Corporate Debt Value, Bond Covenants, and Optimal Capital Structure," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 49(4), pages 1213-1252, September.
    7. Merton, Robert C, 1974. "On the Pricing of Corporate Debt: The Risk Structure of Interest Rates," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 29(2), pages 449-470, May.
    8. Hayne E. Leland, 1998. "Agency Costs, Risk Management, and Capital Structure," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 53(4), pages 1213-1243, August.
    9. Leland, Hayne E & Toft, Klaus Bjerre, 1996. " Optimal Capital Structure, Endogenous Bankruptcy, and the Term Structure of Credit Spreads," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 51(3), pages 987-1019, July.
    10. Suleyman Basak & Alexander Shapiro, 2005. "A Model of Credit Risk, Optimal Policies, and Asset Prices," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 78(4), pages 1215-1266, July.
    11. Fan, Hua & Sundaresan, Suresh M, 2000. "Debt Valuation, Renegotiation, and Optimal Dividend Policy," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 13(4), pages 1057-1099.
    12. Harris, Milton & Raviv, Artur, 1991. " The Theory of Capital Structure," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 46(1), pages 297-355, March.
    13. Fischer, Edwin O & Heinkel, Robert & Zechner, Josef, 1989. " Dynamic Capital Structure Choice: Theory and Tests," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 44(1), pages 19-40, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Credir Risk; Information Asymmetry; Reduced Form Approach;

    JEL classification:

    • G - Financial Economics

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpfi:0312008. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (EconWPA). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.