The authors discuss a number of issues related to time limits on benefit receipt. Although time limits have a very short history as a serious policy alternative to welfare reform development of the 1990's, the authors review scant existing evidence to raise several important discussions. The authors discuss some of the calculations of the fraction of AFDC caselolad that has been projected to hit time limits. They also discuss the theoretical models of time limits and what those models have to say about the effects of time limits on individual earnings, work effort and family income. Also included within the paper is a discussion of how the time limits that have been implemented to date differ from textbook "hard" time limits, and the authors discuss the implications of these differences. Finally, the authors discuss the evidence to date on what effects of time limits have been shown to be. Since PRWORA legislation was enacted in August 1996, there are few findings on time limits, partly because five years have not yet transpired since 1996 and the authors look at studies of the effects of state waivers with time limit provisions which began before 1996. Reviewing the existing literature, the authors offer their judgement of the effects of time limits and the effect of time limits independent of other programmatic and economic forces occurring simultaneously.
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- Greg J. Duncan & Kathleen Mullan Harris & Johanne Boisjoly, .
"Time Limits and Welfare Reform: New Estimates of the Number and Characteristics of Affected Families,"
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- J. P. Ziliak & D. N. Figlio & E. E. Davis & L. S. Connolly, . "Accounting for the Decline in AFDC Caseloads: Welfare Reform or Economic Growth?," Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers 1151-97, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty.
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- Christopher A. Swann, 2004. "Welfare Reform when Recipients are Forward-Looking," Department of Economics Working Papers 04-04, Stony Brook University, Department of Economics.
- Kesselman, Jonathan R., 1976. "Tax effects on job search, training, and work effort," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 255-272, October.
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