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Automatically generated port hinterlands


  • Thomas Vanoutrive



Competition between ports depends on inland freight distribution and the spatial structure of the hinterland. With this, ports and port regions increasingly compete to serve distant hinterlands. In a European context, many researchers refer to the agglomeration of economic activity in the Rhine-Ruhr area and the ‘blue banana' to explain the concentration of port activity in the Hamburg-Le Havre port range. Besides this, the incorporation of new member states in the European market has changed the structure of port hinterlands. In this paper we attempt to reveal the spatial structure of the hinterland of the Hamburg-Le Havre ports using automated zoning techniques. These techniques aggregate geographical areas in homogeneous clusters using spatial as well as content-related constraints. We use both economic characteristics of hinterland regions and variables which express the link between these regions and ports to create a new map of the port hinterland. Besides an improved insight in the spatial structure of the hinterland, this analysis delivers a set of areas which can be used in economic models. Indeed, creating an ‘optimal' zoning is one of the strategies researchers employ to handle observational units with often arbitrary boundaries.

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  • Thomas Vanoutrive, 2011. "Automatically generated port hinterlands," ERSA conference papers ersa11p560, European Regional Science Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa11p560

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sandy Dall'erba & Julie Le Gallo, 2008. "Regional convergence and the impact of European structural funds over 1989-1999: A spatial econometric analysis," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 87(2), pages 219-244, June.
    2. Theo E. Notteboom * & Jean-Paul Rodrigue, 2005. "Port regionalization: towards a new phase in port development," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(3), pages 297-313, July.
    3. Rodrigue, Jean-Paul & Notteboom, Theo, 2010. "Foreland-based regionalization: Integrating intermediate hubs with port hinterlands," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 19-29.
    4. F. Suykens & E. Van De Voorde, 1998. "A quarter a century of port management in Europe: objectives and tools," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(3), pages 251-261, January.
    5. Theo E Notteboom, 2009. "Complementarity and substitutability among adjacent gateway ports," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 41(3), pages 743-762, March.
    6. David Martin & Abigail Nolan & Mark Tranmer, 2001. "The application of zone-design methodology in the 2001 UK Census," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 33(11), pages 1949-1962, November.
    7. Flowerdew, Robin & Manley, David J. & Sabel, Clive E., 2008. "Neighbourhood effects on health: Does it matter where you draw the boundaries?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 66(6), pages 1241-1255, March.
    8. Athanasios A. Pallis & Thomas K. Vitsounis & Peter W. De Langen, 2009. "Port Economics, Policy and Management: Review of an Emerging Research Field," Transport Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(1), pages 115-161, February.
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