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Measuring and analyzing the non-monetary approach of multidimensional poverty by the basic needs in Togo


  • Yawo Agb??ny??gan NOGLO



This paper aims at measuring and analyzing the non-monetary aspect of multidimensional poverty by the basic needs according to the characteristics of household head. This is the first study in this matter in Togo and using the Multidimensional Correspondence Analysis (MCA) techniques to construct a Composite Poverty Indicator (CPI). Moreover, we use the most recent data from the country survey QUIBB 2006. The results of the incidence of multidimensional poverty by two approaches (MCA and FGT) suggest that the households with larger size, living in rural area, whose head is male, aged between 51 and 99, less educated are the poorest. The findings are the same as those found in the monetary approach at the poverty line, leading to a conclusion that there is a positive correlation between monetary and non-monetary poverty. Finally, we propose some recommendations in terms of socioeconomic policies for alleviating multidimensional poverty.

Suggested Citation

  • Yawo Agb??ny??gan NOGLO, 2014. "Measuring and analyzing the non-monetary approach of multidimensional poverty by the basic needs in Togo," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp1083, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  • Handle: RePEc:wdi:papers:2014-1083

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Stéphane Mussard & Pi Alperin María Noel, 2005. "Theorie Des Ensembles Flous Et Decomposition Multidimensionnelle De La Pauvreté : Le Cas Du Senegal," Cahiers de recherche 05-05, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
    2. Maasoumi, Esfandiar, 1986. "The Measurement and Decomposition of Multi-dimensional Inequality," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(4), pages 991-997, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Shrabanti Maity, 2018. "Multidimensional Poverty Status of Bodo Tribes of Udalguri District, Bodoland, Assam," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 43(1), pages 29-47, March.

    More about this item


    Multidimensional poverty; Basic needs; Characteristics of household head; Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA); Composite Poverty Indicator (CPI); FGT index; Togo;

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty


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