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Do households gain from community-based natural resource management? An evaluation of community conservancies in Namibia


  • Bandyopadhyay, Sushenjit
  • Humavindu, Michael N.
  • Shyamsundar, Priya
  • Limin Wang


Community-based natural resource managementis an important strategy to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and wildlife in Namibia. The authors examine the extent to which conservancies have been successful in meeting their primary goal of improving the lives of rural households. They evaluate the benefits of community conservancies in Namibia by asking three questions: Do conservancies increase household welfare? Are conservancies pro-poor? And, do participants in conservancies gain more relative to those who choose not to participate? The authors base their analyses on a 2002 survey covering seven conservancies and 1,192 households. The results suggest that community conservancies have a positive impact on household welfare. This impact is poverty-neutral in some regions and pro-poor in others. Further, welfare benefits from conservancies appear to be somewhat evenly distributed between participant and nonparticipant households.

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  • Bandyopadhyay, Sushenjit & Humavindu, Michael N. & Shyamsundar, Priya & Limin Wang, 2004. "Do households gain from community-based natural resource management? An evaluation of community conservancies in Namibia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3337, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3337

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Brian T. B. Jones, 1999. "Policy lessons from the evolution of a community-based approach to wildlife management, Kunene Region, Namibia," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(2), pages 295-304.
    2. Barnes, Jonathan I. & Macgregor, James & Chris Weaver, L., 2002. "Economic Efficiency and Incentives for Change within Namibia's Community Wildlife Use Initiatives," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 667-681, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Esther Blanco & Javier Lozano, 2012. "Evolutionary success and failure of wildlife conservancy programs," Working Papers 2012-18, Faculty of Economics and Statistics, University of Innsbruck.
    2. Tehmina Mangan & Heman D. Lohano, 2015. "Impact of Nature-based Tourism on Earnings of Local People: Evidence from Keenjhar Lake in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 54(4), pages 963-976.


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