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Trade disclosure and price dispersion

  • Frutos Casado, Ángeles de
  • Manzano, Carolina

This paper determines the effects of post-trade opaqueness on market performance. We find that the degree of market transparency has important effects on market equilibria. In particular, we show that dealers operating in a transparent structure set regret-free prices at each period making zero expected profits in each of the two trading rounds, whereas in the opaque market dealers invest in acquiring information at the beginning of the trading day. Moreover, we obtain that if there is no trading activity in the first period, then market makers only change their quotes in the opaque market. Additionally, we show that trade disclosure increases the informational efficiency of transaction prices and reduces volatility. Finally, concerning welfare of market participants, we obtain ambiguous results. Keywords: Market microstructure, Post-trade transparency, Price experimentation, Price dispersion.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/1773
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Paper provided by Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2072/1773.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:urv:wpaper:2072/1773
Contact details of provider: Postal: Avda. de la Universitat,1 - 43204 Reus (Tarragona)
Phone: 977 75 98 00
Fax: 977 75 98 10
Web page: http://www.urv.cat
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  1. Liang Peng, 2001. "Dynamics of Effective Quotes and Spreads Between Consecutive Trades - A Real-Time Structural Model of Price Formation," Yale School of Management Working Papers ysm179, Yale School of Management.
  2. Wu, Chunchi & Zhang, Wei, 2002. " Trade Disclosure, Information Learning and Securities Market Performance," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 21-38, January.
  3. Madhavan, A., 1991. "Security Prices and Market Transparency," Weiss Center Working Papers 1-92, Wharton School - Weiss Center for International Financial Research.
  4. Porter, David C. & Weaver, Daniel G., 1998. "Post-trade transparency on Nasdaq's national market system," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(2), pages 231-252, November.
  5. Glosten, Lawrence R. & Milgrom, Paul R., 1985. "Bid, ask and transaction prices in a specialist market with heterogeneously informed traders," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 71-100, March.
  6. Charles Cao & Eric Ghysels & Frank Hatheway, 2000. "Price Discovery without Trading: Evidence from the Nasdaq Preopening," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 55(3), pages 1339-1365, 06.
  7. Madhavan, Ananth, 1995. "Consolidation, Fragmentation, and the Disclosure of Trading Information," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 8(3), pages 579-603.
  8. Madhavan, Ananth, 2000. "Market microstructure: A survey," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 205-258, August.
  9. Biais, Bruno, 1993. " Price Information and Equilibrium Liquidity in Fragmented and Centralized Markets," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 48(1), pages 157-85, March.
  10. Michael J. Barclay & Terrence Hendershott, 2004. "Liquidity Externalities and Adverse Selection: Evidence from Trading after Hours," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 59(2), pages 681-710, 04.
  11. Chris J. Leach & Ananth N. Madhavan, . "Intertemporal Price Discovery by Market Makers: Active versus Passive Learning," Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers 15-90, Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research.
  12. Michael J. Barclay, 2003. "Price Discovery and Trading After Hours," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 16(4), pages 1041-1073.
  13. Bloomfield, Robert & O'Hara, Maureen, 2000. "Can transparent markets survive?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 425-459, March.
  14. Easley, David & O'Hara, Maureen, 1992. " Time and the Process of Security Price Adjustment," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 47(2), pages 576-605, June.
  15. Dennert, Jurgen, 1993. "Price Competition between Market Makers," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(3), pages 735-51, July.
  16. F. Drudi, 2005. "Price Manipulation in Parallel Markets with Different Transparency," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 78(5), pages 1625-1658, September.
  17. Bloomfield, Robert & O'Hara, Maureen, 1999. "Market Transparency: Who Wins and Who Loses?," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 12(1), pages 5-35.
  18. Saunders, Anthony & Srinivasan, Anand & Walter, Ingo, 2002. "Price formation in the OTC corporate bond markets: a field study of the inter-dealer market," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 95-113.
  19. Oliver Hansch & Narayan Y. Naik & S. Viswanathan, 1998. "Do Inventories Matter in Dealership Markets? Evidence from the London Stock Exchange," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 53(5), pages 1623-1656, October.
  20. Leach, J Chris & Madhavan, Ananth N, 1993. "Price Experimentation and Security Market Structure," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 6(2), pages 375-404.
  21. Naik, Narayan Y & Neuberger, Anthony & Viswanathan, S, 1999. "Trade Disclosure Regulations in Markets with Negotiated Trades," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 12(4), pages 873-900.
  22. Paul Milgrom & Nancy L.Stokey, 1979. "Information, Trade, and Common Knowledge," Discussion Papers 377R, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  23. Easley, David & O'Hara, Maureen, 1987. "Price, trade size, and information in securities markets," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 69-90, September.
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