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Hungary: The Janus-faced Success Story

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  • Csaba, Laszlo

Abstract

This paper offers a broad overview of the Hungarian development strategy over the past two decades. Combining historical and functional analysis, some major strengths and weaknesses are identified, with special emphasis on the country.s open-door policies and the role played by the European Union. The paper investigates why the impetus of institutional and financial integration was lost by about 2004 when policy drifting took over the role of strategies. Some ideas on how to remedy the situation are being offered. Paradoxically, the Hungarian success and failure both testify to the relevance of a neo-institutionalist/political economy approach to sustainable development. It also examines the limitations of external anchoring by the EU as well as of the spontaneous bottom-up evolution of institutions when policy drifting continues.

Suggested Citation

  • Csaba, Laszlo, 2009. "Hungary: The Janus-faced Success Story," WIDER Working Paper Series 013, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  • Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:rp2009-13
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    File URL: http://www.wider.unu.edu/sites/default/files/RP2009-13.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kornai, Janos, 1992. "The Socialist System: The Political Economy of Communism," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198287766.
    2. Dora Győrffy, 2007. "Deficit Bias and Moral Hazard on the Road to the EMU: The Political Dimension of Fiscal Policy in Hungary," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(1), pages 1-16.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ágnes Orosz, 2013. "Large-Scale Transformation of Socio-Economic Institutions - Comparative Case Studies on CEECs. Background Paper 2: Comparative Country Study - Hungary," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 18, WWWforEurope.

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    Keywords

    structural reform; sustainability; EU accession; regulation; FDI; trust;

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