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Determinants of the Establishment of Islamic Micro Finance Institutions: The Case of Baitul Maal wa Tamwil (BMT) in Indonesia


  • Alfiah Hasanah

    () (Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University)

  • Arief Anshory Yusuf

    () (Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University)


As a country with the largest number of muslim population in the world, Islamic micro finance institutions have a large potential to playa greater role in the country's aspiration to poverty reduction. However, the determinants of theestablishment of Islamic Micro Finance Institutions, particularly in Indonesia, has not been extensively studied. This paper attempts to explore the determinants of the establishment ofBaitul Maal wa Tamwil (BMT), one of the main Islamic microfinance institutions in Indonesia. A probit model of BMT establishment is estimated using an Indonesian village-level data. The result suggests that the extent of economic activities particularly in agriculture sector, and high accessibility to market are strong determinants of BMT establishmentin Indonesian villages. It is also found that villages that experienced recent calamities particularly drought are more likely to have BMT established. This may indicate the role of BMT as a provider of financial service in the midst of hardship. Religion is among the strongest determinant of BMT establishment. Villages with Islam as the dominant religion is more likely of having BMT established. However, this effect is strong only in rural areas.In urban areas, this effect is weak.

Suggested Citation

  • Alfiah Hasanah & Arief Anshory Yusuf, 2013. "Determinants of the Establishment of Islamic Micro Finance Institutions: The Case of Baitul Maal wa Tamwil (BMT) in Indonesia," Working Papers in Economics and Development Studies (WoPEDS) 201308, Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University, revised Mar 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:unp:wpaper:201308

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Annabel Vanroose, 2008. "What macro factors make microfinance institutions reach out?," Working Papers CEB 08-036.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
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    More about this item


    Micro Finance Institution; Baitul Maal wa Tamwil; Indonesia; Islamic banking;

    JEL classification:

    • P49 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Other
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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