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How Do States Formulate Medicaid and SCHIP Policy? Economic and Political Determinants of State Eligibility Levels

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Abstract

We exploit the existence of substantial variation in state policies toward public health insurance for children between 1990 and 2002 to estimate the economic and political determinants of state eligibility levels. Controlling for state and year effects, eligibility levels are not significantly associated with either the percentage of uninsured children in the state or the eligibility policy of neighboring states; further, variation in eligibility levels within state is negatively associated with both the federal matching rate and state fiscal capacity. We also observe that state political preferences, measured by the Democrats share of seats in the lower chamber of the state legislature, are a relatively important a determinant of state eligibility levels. However, other political factors, such as party control of state government, voter turnout, legislative term limits and campaign finance regulations do not influence state eligibility levels.

Suggested Citation

  • Jeffrey Milyo & Reagan Baughman, 2008. "How Do States Formulate Medicaid and SCHIP Policy? Economic and Political Determinants of State Eligibility Levels," Working Papers 0813, Department of Economics, University of Missouri.
  • Handle: RePEc:umc:wpaper:0813
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    File URL: https://economics.missouri.edu/working-papers/2008/wp0813_milyo.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Marianne P. Bitler & Madeline Zavodny, 2014. "Medicaid: A Review of the Literature," NBER Working Papers 20169, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Thompson, Owen, 2017. "The long-term health impacts of Medicaid and CHIP," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 26-40.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Medicaid; SCHIP; Political Economy; Race-to-the-Bottom;

    JEL classification:

    • D78 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Positive Analysis of Policy Formulation and Implementation
    • H75 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare

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