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Nonparametric Measures of Capacity Utilization: A Dual Approach

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  • Subhash C. Ray

    (University of Connecticut)

Abstract

This paper develops a nonparametric method of obtaining the minimum of the long run average cost curve of a firm to define its capacity output. This provides a benchmark for measuring of capacity utilization at the observed output level of the firm. In the case of long run constant returns to scale, the minimum of the short run average cost curve is determined to measure short run capacity utilization. An empirical application measures yearly rates of capacity utilization in U.S. manufacturing over the period 1968-1998. Nonparametric determination of the short run average cost curve under variable returns to scale using an iterative search procedure is described in an appendix to this paper.

Suggested Citation

  • Subhash C. Ray, 2002. "Nonparametric Measures of Capacity Utilization: A Dual Approach," Working papers 2002-35, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:uct:uconnp:2002-35
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    File URL: http://web2.uconn.edu/economics/working/2002-35.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Berndt, Ernst R & Morrison, Catherine J, 1981. "Capacity Utilization Measures: Underlying Economic Theory and an Alternative Approach," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(2), pages 48-52, May.
    2. Matthew D. Shapiro, 1989. "Assessing the Federal Reserve's Measures of Capacity and Utilization," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 20(1), pages 181-242.
    3. J. M. Cassels, 1937. "Excess Capacity and Monopolistic Competition," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 51(3), pages 426-443.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kamel HELALI & Maha KALAI, 2013. "Direct and indirect measures of capacity utilization and Economic growth: A nonparametric analysis of the Tunisian industry," E3 Journal of Business Management and Economics., E3 Journals, vol. 4(6), pages 144-155.

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