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Firm-level estimates of fuel substitution: an application to carbon pricing

Author

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  • Marie Hyland
  • Stefanie Haller

Abstract

We estimate partial- and total-fuel substitution elasticities between electricity, gas and oil, using firm-level data. We find that, based on the partial elasticity measure, electricity is the least-responsive fuel to changes in its own price and in the price of other fuels. The total elasticity measure, which adjusts the partial elasticity for changes in aggregate energy demand induced by individual fuel price changes, reveals that the demand for electricity is much more price responsive than the partial elasticity suggests. Our results illustrate the importance of accounting for the feedback effect between interfactor and interfuel substitution elasticities when considering the effectiveness of environmental taxation. We use the estimated elasticities to simulate the impact of a e15/tCO2 carbon tax on average energy-related CO2 emissions. The carbon tax results in a small reduction in CO2 emissions from oil and gas use, but this reduction is partially offset by an increase in emissions due to increased electricity consumption by some firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Marie Hyland & Stefanie Haller, 2015. "Firm-level estimates of fuel substitution: an application to carbon pricing," Working Papers 201522, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucn:wpaper:201522
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/7182
    File Function: First version, 2015
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    Cited by:

    1. Zachlod-Jelec, Magdalena & Boratynski, Jakub, 2016. "How large and uncertain are costs of 2030 GHG emissions reduction target for the European countries? Sensitivity analysis in a global CGE model," MF Working Papers 26, Ministry of Finance in Poland.
    2. Benoît Chèze, Julien Chevallier, Nicolas Berghmans, and Emilie Alberola, 2020. "On the CO2 Emissions Determinants During the EU ETS Phases I and II: A Plant-level Analysis Merging the EUTL and Platts Power Data," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 4), pages 153-184.
    3. Benoît Chèze, Julien Chevallier, Nicolas Berghmans, and Emilie Alberola, 2020. "On the CO2 Emissions Determinants During the EU ETS Phases I and II: A Plant-level Analysis Merging the EUTL and Platts Power Data," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 4), pages 153-184.
    4. Magdalena Zachlod-Jelec & Jakub Boratyński, 2016. "How large and uncertain are costs of 2030 emission reduction target for the European countries? Sensitivity analysis in a global CGE model," EcoMod2016 9449, EcoMod.
    5. Cao, Jing & Ho, Mun S. & Ma, Rong, 2020. "Analyzing carbon pricing policies using a general equilibrium model with production parameters estimated using firm data," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(C).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fuel substitution; Firm-level data; Environmental taxation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • Q38 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy (includes OPEC Policy)
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

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