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The Formative Years of the Modern Corporation: The Dutch East India Company VOC, 1602-1623

Author

Listed:
  • Oscar Gelderblom
  • Abe de Jong
  • Joost Jonker

    (Universiteit Utrecht and Erasmus University Rotterdam)

Abstract

With their legal personhood, permanent capital with transferable shares, separation of ownership and management, and limited liability for both shareholders and managers, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and subsequently the English East India Company (EIC) are generally considered a major institutional breakthrough. Our analysis of the business operations and notably the financial policy of the VOC during the company’s first two decades in existence shows that its corporate form owed less to foresight than to constant piecemeal engineering to remedy original design flaws brought to light by prolonged exposure to the strains of the Asian trade. Moreover, the crucial feature of limited liability for managers was not, as previously thought, part and parcel of that design, but emerged only after a long period of experimenting with various, sometimes very ingenious, solutions to the company’s financial bottlenecks.

Suggested Citation

  • Oscar Gelderblom & Abe de Jong & Joost Jonker, 2012. "The Formative Years of the Modern Corporation: The Dutch East India Company VOC, 1602-1623," Working Papers 0036, Utrecht University, Centre for Global Economic History.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucg:wpaper:0036
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. S R H Jones & Simon P Ville, "undated". "Efficient Institutions or Rent Seeking Monopolists? The Rationale for Early Chartered Trading Companies," Working Papers ec7/95, Department of Economics, University of Lancaster.
    2. repec:hrv:faseco:30728046 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Levine, Ross, 2005. "Finance and Growth: Theory and Evidence," Handbook of Economic Growth,in: Philippe Aghion & Steven Durlauf (ed.), Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 12, pages 865-934 Elsevier.
    4. Shleifer, Andrei & Vishny, Robert W, 1997. " A Survey of Corporate Governance," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 52(2), pages 737-783, June.
    5. Timur Kuran, 2010. "The Scale of Entrepreneurship in Middle Eastern History: Inhibitive Roles of Islamic Institutions," Working Papers 10-14, Duke University, Department of Economics.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Dutch East India Company (VOC); corporate governance; Dutch Republic; financial markets; colonial expansion;

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