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Econom�a cooperativa: un enfoque innovador para la sostenibilidad

Author

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  • Gianluca Salvatori

Abstract

Un primer balance del A�o Internacional del Cooperativismo evidencia como las formas de la econom�a cooperativa sean plurales, amplias y de larga duraci�n. A estos rasgos distintivos se debe la particular resiliencia y la amplitud de uso de este tipo de empresa, a la cual, sin embargo, la percepci�n publica tiende a atribuir escasa importancia y un car�cter de transitoriedad. El debate actual que la crisis ha provocado en torno a los l�mites del capitalismo financiero est� cuestionando la condici�n de marginalidad de la econom�a cooperativa. En el texto se comparan dos visiones econ�micas opuestas: la financiera, que se basa �nicamente en el crecimiento del capital, y la cooperativa que se propone la b�squeda de un equilibro a dimensiones m�ltiples, incluyendo la social y la ambiental. Una estrategia econ�mica que quiera responder a los problemas que enfrentaremos en los pr�ximos a�os � el crecimiento demogr�fico, la escasez de recursos naturales la nueva migraci�n urbana, la redistribuci�n y la inclusi�n social- no puede prescindir del cooperativismo, como parte de una nueva visi�n del desarrollo econ�mico y social. Esta oportunidad requiere que los actores de la econom�a cooperativa sean innovadores y piensen en su modelo no en t�rminos dogm�ticos, sino valorizando su adaptabilidad y su capacidad de gestionar la diversidad. En la empresa cooperativa, de hecho, se refleja la convicci�n de que las acciones humanas no son dictadas �nicamente por los principios del inter�s individual, ya que las personas act�an seg�n una pluralidad de motivaciones, y tambi�n se ven influenciadas por la orientaci�n hacia la reciprocidad y la b�squeda de justicia y equidad.

Suggested Citation

  • Gianluca Salvatori, 2013. "Econom�a cooperativa: un enfoque innovador para la sostenibilidad," Euricse Working Papers 1349, Euricse (European Research Institute on Cooperative and Social Enterprises).
  • Handle: RePEc:trn:utwpeu:1349
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Carlo Borzaga & Sara Depedri & Ermanno Tortia, 2009. "The role of cooperative and social enterprises: A multifaceted approach for an economic pluralism," Euricse Working Papers 0900, Euricse (European Research Institute on Cooperative and Social Enterprises).
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cooperativas; econom�a cooperativa; capitalismo financiero; pluralismo organizacional; innovaci�n cooperativa; A�o Internacional del Cooperativismo; sostenibildad.;

    JEL classification:

    • A14 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Sociology of Economics
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • L38 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Public Policy
    • P13 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Cooperative Enterprises
    • P46 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty

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