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Value Relevance of the Multi-step Income Statement in Japan

  • Takashi Obinata

    (Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo)

  • Kazuyuki Suda

    (Graduate School of Finance,Accounting & Law, Waseda University)

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    This paper investigates the relationship between value relevance of the multi-step income statement and managerial opportunistic behavior. In Japan, net income is disclosed by three steps, i.e., 1) operating profits from core operating activity, 2) ordinary income, measured by adding gains and losses from non-core operating and financing activities to operating profits, and 3) net income that is bottom line performance in the income statement. While Japanese firms achieve income smoothing, loss avoidance and big bath, the managerial opportunistic behavior is simply identified by the observation of multi performance measures. We find that the firms doing income smoothing, loss avoidance and big bath, which are identified by the multi-step income statement, have the different value relevance of earnings from other firms. In many cases, earnings management decreases the value relevance of earnings. The results suggest that the multi-step income statement enables investors to detect earnings management without apparent difficulty and that earnings become more useful when investors use the information contained in it.

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    File URL: http://www.cirje.e.u-tokyo.ac.jp/research/dp/2006/2006cf403.pdf
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    Paper provided by CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo in its series CIRJE F-Series with number CIRJE-F-403.

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    Length: 36pages
    Date of creation: Mar 2006
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:tky:fseres:2006cf403
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    1. Takashi Obinata, 2004. "Discretionary Determination and Value Relevance of Accrual Expenses incurred by Nuclear Power Plant," CARF J-Series CARF-J-001, Center for Advanced Research in Finance, Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo.
    2. Degeorge, Francois & Patel, Jayendu & Zeckhauser, Richard, 1999. "Earnings Management to Exceed Thresholds," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 72(1), pages 1-33, January.
    3. Ben-Hsien Bao & Da-Hsien Bao, 2004. "Income Smoothing, Earnings Quality and Firm Valuation," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(9-10), pages 1525-1557.
    4. Burgstahler, David & Dichev, Ilia, 1997. "Earnings management to avoid earnings decreases and losses," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 99-126, December.
    5. Bhattacharya, Utpal & Daouk, Hazem & Welker, Michael, 2003. "The World Price of Earnings Opacity," Working Papers 127185, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
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