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Les Discriminations à l'Embauche dans la Sphère Publique : Effets Respectifs de l'Adresse et De l'Origine

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  • Mathieu Bunel
  • Yannick L'Horty
  • Pascale Petit

Abstract

This study assesses discrimination in access to private and public employment according to two criteria, a North African origin and an address in a deprived neighbourhood, using a correspondence test on three professions where public recruiters compete with private recruiters: administrative managers, maintenance technicians and orderlies. Between October 2015 and April 2016, we sent 3,258 applications in response to 1,086 job offers. The study consists of a statistical and econometric analysis of the call back rates. We do not find that discrimination in hiring is lower in the civil service than in the private sector and we show that hospital and territorial civil services are more exposed to the risk of discrimination than the state civil service, for both criteria.
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Suggested Citation

  • Mathieu Bunel & Yannick L'Horty & Pascale Petit, 2016. "Les Discriminations à l'Embauche dans la Sphère Publique : Effets Respectifs de l'Adresse et De l'Origine," TEPP Research Report 2016-07, TEPP.
  • Handle: RePEc:tep:tepprr:rr16-07
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jonathan Bougard & Thomas Brodaty & Céline Emond & Yannick L'Horty & Loïc Du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2011. "Les effets du bénévolat sur l’accès à l’emploi : une expérience contrôlée sur des jeunes qualifiés d’Ile-de-France," TEPP Working Paper 2011-03, TEPP.
    2. Bosquet, Clément & Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia, 2013. "Gender and competition: evidence from academic promotions in France," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 58350, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Stijn Baert & Bart Cockx & Niels Gheyle & Cora Vandamme, 2015. "Is There Less Discrimination in Occupations Where Recruitment Is Difficult?," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 68(3), pages 467-500, May.
    4. Claire L. Adida & David D. Laitin & Marie-Anne Valfort, 2010. "Identifying barriers to Muslim integration in France," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00618060, HAL.
    5. Emmanuel Duguet & Pascale Petit, 2005. "Hiring discrimination in the French financial sector: an econometric analysis on field experiment data," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 78, pages 79-102.
    6. Emmanuel Duguet & Noam Leandri & Yannick L'horty & Pascale Petit, 2010. "Are Young French Jobseekers of Ethnic Immigrant Origin Discriminated Against? A Controlled Experiment in the Paris Area," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 99-100, pages 187-215.
    7. Ali M. Ahmed & Lina Andersson & Mats Hammarstedt, 2013. "Are Gay Men and Lesbians Discriminated against in the Hiring Process?," Southern Economic Journal, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 79(3), pages 565-585, January.
    8. Clément Bosquet & Pierre‐Philippe Combes & Cecilia García‐Peñalosa, 2019. "Gender and Promotions: Evidence from Academic Economists in France," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 121(3), pages 1020-1053, July.
    9. Anthony Edo & Nicolas Jacquemet, 2013. "Discrimination à l'embauche selon l'origine et le genre : défiance indifférenciée ou ciblée sur certains groupes ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 464(1), pages 155-172.
    10. Pascale Petit & Mathieu Bunel & Emilia Ene & Yannick L’Horty, 2016. "Effets de quartier, effet de département : discrimination liée au lieu de résidence et accès à l’emploi," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 67(3), pages 525-550.
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    13. Clémence Berson, 2009. "Private vs. Public Sector: Discrimination against Second-Generation Immigrants in France," Post-Print halshs-00423944, HAL.
    14. Clémence Berson, 2011. "Concurrence imparfaite et discrimination sur le marché du travail," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 62(3), pages 409-417.
    15. Clémence Berson, 2016. "Private Versus Public Sector Wage Gap: Does Origin Matter?," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 67(4), pages 717-741, November.
    16. repec:adr:anecst:y:2005:i:78 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Bosquet, Clément & Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia, 2013. "Gender and competition: evidence from academic promotions in France," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 58350, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    18. Yannick l'Horty, 2016. "Les discriminations dans l'accès à l'emploi public," Post-Print halshs-01470391, HAL.
    19. Petit, Pascale, 2007. "The effects of age and family constraints on gender hiring discrimination: A field experiment in the French financial sector," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 371-391, June.
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    21. Pascale Petit & Emmanuel Duguet & Yannick L’Horty & Loïc du Parquet & Florent Sari, 2013. "Discrimination à l'embauche : les effets du genre et de l'origine se cumulent-ils systématiquement ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 464(1), pages 141-153.
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    Cited by:

    1. Souleymane Mbaye, 2019. "Trois évaluations d’actions de lutte contre les discriminations," Erudite Ph.D Dissertations, Erudite, number ph19-01 edited by Pascale Petit.
    2. Loic Du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2019. "Discrimination à l’embauche : Ce que nous apprennent deux décennies de testings en France," Working Papers hal-02333816, HAL.
    3. Cahuc, Pierre & Carcillo, Stéphane & Minea, Andreea & Valfort, Marie-Anne, 2019. "When Correspondence Studies Fail to Detect Hiring Discrimination," IZA Discussion Papers 12653, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. Laetitia Challe & Yannick L'Horty & Pascale Petit & François-Charles Wolff, 2018. "Les discriminations dans l'accès à l'emploi privé et public : les effets de l'origine, de l'adresse, du sexe et de l'orientation sexuelle," Working Papers halshs-01878469, HAL.
    5. Nathalie Greenan & Joseph Lafranchi & yannick L'Horty & Mathieu Narcy & Guillaume Pierne, 2016. "Inegalites Et Discriminations Dans L'Acces A La Fonction Publique D'Etat : Une Evaluation Par L'Analyse Des Fichiers Administratifs De Concours," Working Papers halshs-01374425, HAL.
    6. Louise Philomene Mbaye, 2018. "Handicap et discriminations dans l'accès à l'emploi : un testing dans les établissements culturels," Working Papers halshs-01878461, HAL.
    7. Louise Philomène Mbaye, 2018. "Handicap et discriminations dans l’accès à l’emploi : un testing dans les établissements culturels," TEPP Research Report 2018-04, TEPP.

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