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What we can learn from a comparison of the schooling systems of South Africa and Argentina

Author

Listed:
  • Martin Gustafsson

    () (Department of Economics, University of Stellenbosch)

  • Alejandro Morduchowicz

    () (International Institute for Educational Planning, Buenos Aires)

Abstract

An existing accounting framework to describe an education system is elaborated and used as a framework for understanding and comparing the resource allocation policies of the South African and Argentinean schooling systems. The comparison highlights how, by paying fewer teachers more (relative to GDP per capita), South Africa is structurally forced to deal with relatively large class sizes. Both countries have attempted to use production function studies to understand ways of improving pupil performance, and in both countries the utilisation of education human resources appears particularly important. The economic case for expanding secondary schooling is perhaps not as strong as the policies, especially those in Argentina, suggest. Whilst rates of return to secondary schooling do not appear to offer concrete policy direction, a cross-country analysis that takes into account a secondary school completion ratio (a statistic calculated for this analysis) suggests that more policy emphasis should go towards improving the quality of secondary schooling.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin Gustafsson & Alejandro Morduchowicz, 2008. "What we can learn from a comparison of the schooling systems of South Africa and Argentina," Working Papers 17/2008, Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:sza:wpaper:wpapers65
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    File URL: https://www.ekon.sun.ac.za/wpapers/2008/wp172008/wp-17-2008.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2008
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    South Africa; Argentina; education policy; education financing; school; education; secondary school; educational quality;

    JEL classification:

    • D20 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - General
    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid

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