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Reductions tarifaires et emploi dans le secteur de la fabrication au Canada, 1988 a 1994

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  • Larochelle-Cote, Sebastien
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    Cette etude utilise les donnees sur les entreprises du T2/PALE pour examiner si le lien entre les modifications tarifaires et l'emploi s'est manifeste de facon differente d'une entreprise a l'autre affichant des caracteristiques de productivite et de levier financier differentes au cours de la periode 1988 a 1994. Les resultats indiquent que l'effet combine des reductions tarifaires au Canada et aux Etats-Unis sur l'emploi a ete peu eleve, mais que les pertes ont ete beaucoup plus importantes au sein des entreprises moins productives. Par exemple, les entreprises a productivite moyenne en 1988 ont reagi aux modifications tarifaires en diminuant leurs effectifs de seulement 3,6 % entre 1988 et 1994, alors que les entreprises de plus faible productivite ont typiquement diminue leurs effectifs de 15,1 % au cours de cette periode. L'etude indique aussi que les entreprises plus endettees ont davantage reduit leurs effectifs a la suite de la diminution des tarifs, ce qui demontre que les conditions de credit sont devenues plus contraignantes au moment de la mise en application des diminutions tarifaires. Ces resultats semblent indiquer que les entreprises a productivite elevee et a faible endettement ont ete moins susceptibles que les autres de ressentir les effets de la diminution des tarifs canadiens et americains.

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    Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2005258f.

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    Date of creation: 22 Jun 2005
    Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2005258f
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    1. Baggs, Jennifer, 2004. "L'evolution des obstacles aux echanges et les entreprises canadiennes : survie et disparition apres l'Accord de libre-echange entre le Canada et les Etats-Unis," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2004205f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    2. Eugene Beaulieu, 2000. "The Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement and labour market adjustment in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(2), pages 540-563, May.
    3. Baldwin, John R. & Gu, Wulong, 2003. "Roulement des usines et croissance de la productivite dans le secteur canadien de la fabrication," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2003193f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
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