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Histoire Économique

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  • Guillaume Daudin

Abstract

Une large part de l’activité humaine est consacrée à la production, à la distribution et à l’utilisation de ressources rares permettant la satisfaction des besoins individuels et sociaux. L’histoire économique est la branche de l’histoire qui étudie ces activités. Outre leur dimension économique, celles-ci influent sur toutes les facettes de la vie humaine. La révolution industrielle fournit une bonne illustration : la mise en place des usines suite à la domestication de la vapeur, l’importance grandissante du monde ouvrier, la diffusion de nouveaux biens de consommation ont donné une inflexion décisive à l’histoire culturelle, l’histoire politique et l’histoire sociale. L’historien ne peut donc négliger l’histoire économique. L’économiste, quant à lui, entretient avec l’histoire économique un rapport plus ambigu. En tant que science consacrée à la détermination des régularités qui régissent les activités économiques, l’économie devrait ménager une large place à l’histoire économique, puisque celle-ci porte sur l’étude empirique des activités économiques. L’histoire économique reste pourtant souvent reléguée à la vérification des théories et des concepts construits dans l’abstraction. Il arrive même qu’on reproche à l’économie de totalement négliger l’histoire, alors que cette dernière devrait jouer un rôle important dans la construction des théories économiques (...).

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  • Guillaume Daudin, 2007. "Histoire Économique," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/5l6uh8ogmqi, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/5l6uh8ogmqildh09h4dq3et4o
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. McCloskey, Donald N, 1976. "Does the Past Have Useful Economics?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 14(2), pages 434-461, June.
    2. David, Paul A, 1985. "Clio and the Economics of QWERTY," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(2), pages 332-337, May.
    3. Solow, Robert M, 1985. "Economic History and Economics," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(2), pages 328-331, May.
    4. North, Douglass C, 1997. "Cliometrics--Forty Years Later," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(2), pages 412-414, May.
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