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Who Goes Where and How? Firm Heterogeneity in the Choice of FDI Type and Location

Author

Listed:
  • Jung Hur

    (Department of Economics, Sogang University, Seoul)

  • Hea-Jung Hyun

    (Department of International Trade, Dankook University, Gyeonggi-do, Korea)

Abstract

This paper examines the role of firm heterogeneity in the choice made by multinationals with regards to FDI type and location. Using Korean firm-level data, we find that highly productive firms are more likely than their less efficient counterparts to invest in tough markets and choose combined FDI strategy against either horizontal FDI or vertical FDI across different host countries. These findings, consistent with the recent theories in international economics, suggest that firm heterogeneity may play a significant role in FDI strategy as well as location decision.

Suggested Citation

  • Jung Hur & Hea-Jung Hyun, 2011. "Who Goes Where and How? Firm Heterogeneity in the Choice of FDI Type and Location," Working Papers 1105, Research Institute for Market Economy, Sogang University.
  • Handle: RePEc:sgo:wpaper:1105
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kalina Manova, 2013. "Credit Constraints, Heterogeneous Firms, and International Trade," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 80(2), pages 711-744.
    2. Chen, Maggie Xiaoyang & Moore, Michael O., 2010. "Location decision of heterogeneous multinational firms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(2), pages 188-199, March.
    3. Tomiura, Eiichi, 2007. "Foreign outsourcing, exporting, and FDI: A productivity comparison at the firm level," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 113-127, May.
    4. Karolina Ekholm & Rikard Forslid & James R. Markusen, 2021. "Export-Platform Foreign Direct Investment," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: BROADENING TRADE THEORY Incorporating Market Realities into Traditional Models, chapter 6, pages 111-130, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    5. Elhanan Helpman & Marc J. Melitz & Stephen R. Yeaple, 2004. "Export Versus FDI with Heterogeneous Firms," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 300-316, March.
    6. Debaere, Peter & Lee, Hongshik & Lee, Joonhyung, 2010. "It matters where you go: Outward foreign direct investment and multinational employment growth at home," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(2), pages 301-309, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign Direct Investment; Multinationals; Horizontal Investment; Vertical Investment; Firm Heterogeneity; Location Decision;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis

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