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Price and Prejudice. The statics and dynamics of money-wage flexibility


  • Annamaria Simonazzi
  • Fernando Vianello


Keynes’s dynamic, open-end approach to money-wage flexibility is contrasted with the subsequent rehabilitation of the static analysis of the problem, which has led to the ‘closure’ of the Keynesian system and the vindication of the economy’s capacity for selfadjustment. Not even in static analysis, it is further maintained, can money-wage flexibility be counted on to bring about a rise in aggregate demand and employment. For the flaws in the logical basis of the decreasing relationship between the demand for capital and the rate of interest undermine the ‘Keynes effect,’ so that the AD curve - predominantly governed by the deflation-induced redistribution of real wealth from debtors to creditors - assumes an upward-sloping shape at all price levels. As against the claim that after a sufficiently long period of time the ‘Pigou,’ or ‘real balance’ effect, will prevail over the above redistribution (or ‘reverse Pigou’) effect, it is contended that long-lasting excess capacity and unemployment will cause both the productive capacity installed to shrink and ‘discouraged’ workers to leave the labour market. Unemployment may thus disappear through an entirely different road than those envisaged by believers in the self-adjusting properties of the economic system.

Suggested Citation

  • Annamaria Simonazzi & Fernando Vianello, 2005. "Price and Prejudice. The statics and dynamics of money-wage flexibility," Working Papers 86, University of Rome La Sapienza, Department of Public Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:sap:wpaper:wp86

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Barro, Robert J, 1974. "Are Government Bonds Net Wealth?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(6), pages 1095-1117, Nov.-Dec..
    2. Kevin A. Hassett, 1999. "Tax Policy and Investment," Books, American Enterprise Institute, number 53049.
    3. Garegnani, Pierangelo, 1979. "Notes on Consumption, Investment and Effective Demand: II," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(1), pages 63-82, March.
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    More about this item


    deflation; money-wage flexibility; statics and dynamics; AD curve.;

    JEL classification:

    • B20 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought since 1925 - - - General
    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation


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