The world distribution of income and its inequality, 1970 - 2009
This paper provides for the first time a full decomposition of world inequality, as measured by the Gini coefficient, in the period 1970-2009. In particular, using the Analysis of Gini (ANOGI), the paper describes the evolution of between inequality, within inequality and the impact of overlapping on both factors. While there is evidence that between inequality in the last decade significantly declines due to the rapid Chinese growth, within inequality and overlapping go in the opposite direction. Furthermore, if one makes exception for some Asian countries, the rest of the world does not move significantly. As a result, world inequality remains high by any standard.
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