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Myanmar’s Agriculture Sector: Unlocking the Potential for Inclusive Growth


  • Raitzer, David A.

    (Asian Development Bank)

  • Wong, Larry C. Y.

    (Institute of Strategic and International Studies)

  • Samson, Jindra Nuella G.

    (Asian Development Bank)


Myanmar’s agriculture sector offers substantial unexploited potential to underpin the country’s inclusive economic development. With extensive land, water, and labor resources, as well as proximity to fast-growing markets, the country’s agriculture has key competitive advantages. At the same time, Myanmar’s agricultural productivity trails its neighbors as a result of constraints in input markets, infrastructure, and institutions. Key actions to address these constraints include improving land tenure, expanding credit availability, investing in input markets for nutrients and machinery, developing drainage and irrigation systems, and enhancing rural transport and electricity connectivity. In the short-term, public–private partnerships may help to address these barriers to investment, but increased public investment is vital over the longer term. All these direct actions should be underpinned by investments in innovation and attention to climate change effects as part of comprehensive long-term agricultural development planning.

Suggested Citation

  • Raitzer, David A. & Wong, Larry C. Y. & Samson, Jindra Nuella G., 2015. "Myanmar’s Agriculture Sector: Unlocking the Potential for Inclusive Growth," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 470, Asian Development Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:adbewp:0470

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. World Bank, "undated". "World Bank East Asia and Pacific Economic Update 2012, Volume 2 : Remaining Resilient," World Bank Publications - Reports 14686, The World Bank Group.
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    Cited by:

    1. Vicol, Mark & Pritchard, Bill & Htay, Yu Yu, 2018. "Rethinking the role of agriculture as a driver of social and economic transformation in Southeast Asia’s upland regions: The view from Chin State, Myanmar," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 451-460.
    2. Soe Paing Oo & Koichi Usami, 2020. "Farmers’ Perception of Good Agricultural Practices in Rice Production in Myanmar: A Case Study of Myaungmya District, Ayeyarwady Region," Agriculture, MDPI, vol. 10(7), pages 1-20, June.
    3. Herridge, David F. & Win, Mar Mar & Nwe, Khin Mar Mar & Kyu, Khin Lay & Win, Su Su & Shwe, Tun & Min, Yu Yu & Denton, Matthew D. & Cornish, Peter S., 2019. "The cropping systems of the Central Dry Zone of Myanmar: Productivity constraints and possible solutions," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 169(C), pages 31-40.

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    More about this item


    agricultural policy; crop performance; fisheries and aquaculture; input markets development; Myanmar;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy; Animal Welfare Policy

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