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Monetary and Fiscal Operations in the People’s Republic of China: An Alternative View of the Options Available

Author

Listed:
  • Wray , L. Randall

    (Asian Development Bank)

  • Fernandez Lommen, Yolanda

    (Asian Development Bank)

Abstract

This paper examines the fiscal and monetary policy options available to the People’s Republic of China (PRC) as a sovereign currency-issuing nation operating in a dollar standard world. The paper first summarizes a number of issues facing the PRC, including the possibility of slower growth and a number of domestic imbalances. Then, it analyzes current monetary and fiscal policy formation and examines some policy recommendations that have been advanced to deal with current areas of concern. The paper outlines the sovereign currency approach and uses it to analyze those concerns. Against this background, it is recommended that the central government’s fiscal stance should be gradually relaxed so that local government and corporate budgets can be tightened. By loosening the central government’s budget but tightening local government and corporate budgets at a measured pace, the PRC can avoid depressing growth or sparking excessive inflation.

Suggested Citation

  • Wray , L. Randall & Fernandez Lommen, Yolanda, 2013. "Monetary and Fiscal Operations in the People’s Republic of China: An Alternative View of the Options Available," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 380, Asian Development Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:adbewp:0380
    Note: http://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/pub/2013/ewp-380.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Thomas Herndon & Michael Ash & Robert Pollin, 2014. "Does high public debt consistently stifle economic growth? A critique of Reinhart and Rogoff," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 38(2), pages 257-279.
    2. Sabrina Auci & Laura Castellucci & Manuela Coromaldi, 2013. "Does cutting back the public sector improve efficiency? Some evidence from 15 European countries," CEIS Research Paper 274, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 30 Apr 2013.
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    Cited by:

    1. Katarzyna Glinka, 2016. "Adaptations Within The Financial Market In China After Global Financial Crisis," Oeconomia Copernicana, Institute of Economic Research, vol. 7(4), pages 565-591, December.
    2. Felipe, Jesus & Lanzafame, Matteo & Zhuang, Juzhong, 2014. "The People’s Republic of China's Potential Growth Rate: The Long-Run Constraints," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 418, Asian Development Bank.
    3. Juzhong Zhuang & Matteo Lanzafame & Jesus Felipe, 2015. "The People’s Republic of China's Potential Growth Rate: The Long-Run Constraints," Working Papers id:6656, eSocialSciences.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    fiscal and monetary policy options; sectoral balances approach; sovereign currency approach; middle-income trap; modern money theory;

    JEL classification:

    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • O23 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development

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