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Destination Unknown. Is There any Economics Beyond Tourism Areas?


  • Guido Candela

    (Department of Economics, University of Bologna; RCEA)

  • Paolo Figini

    () (Department of Economics, University of Bologna; RCEA)


In recent years, several papers have been focussing on various aspects of the tourism destination. The destination is a central issue within tourism studies, embodying in one single concept all the specific and problematic features of tourism, such as its systemic nature, in which "space" plays a fundamental role. In this paper we argue that is in the analysis of destinations that tourism economics shapes itself as an independent discipline within applied economics. Firstly, destinations are neither microeconomic agents nor macroeconomic aggregates, but territorial systems supplying at least one tourism product (a bundle of goods and services) able to satisfy the complex needs of the tourism demand. Secondly, the economic analysis of destinations identifies two specific theorems, the love of variety theorem and the coordination theorem which allow to interpret the tourism destination as a particular type of district, sharing at the same time some of the features of the industrial and of the cultural district.

Suggested Citation

  • Guido Candela & Paolo Figini, 2009. "Destination Unknown. Is There any Economics Beyond Tourism Areas?," Working Paper series 36_09, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
  • Handle: RePEc:rim:rimwps:36_09

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Clerides, Sofronis & Nearchou, Paris & Pashardes, Panos, 2008. "Intermediaries as quality assessors: Tour operators in the travel industry," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 372-392, January.
    2. Aleix Calveras & Marcos Vera-Hernandez, 2003. "Quality Externalities among Hotel Establishments: What is the Impact of Tour Operators," Industrial Organization 0303001, EconWPA.
    3. Guido Candela & Roberto Cellini, 2006. "Investment in Tourism Market: A Dynamic Model of Differentiated Oligopoly," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 35(1), pages 41-58, September.
    4. F. Cerina, 2006. "Tourism specialization and environmental sustainability in a dynamic economy," Working Paper CRENoS 200602, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
    5. Guido Candela & Paolo Figini & Antonello E. Scorcu, 2005. "The Economics of Local Tourist Systems," Working Papers 2005.138, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    6. Tiziana Cuccia & Walter Santagata, 2003. "Adhesion-Exit: incentivi e diritti di proprietà collettivi nei distretti culturali," STUDI ECONOMICI, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2003(80).
    7. Guido Candela & Paolo Figini & Antonello E. Scorcu, 2009. "Destination Management and Tourists’ Choice with a Two-Part Tariff Price of the Holiday," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, vol. 99(2), pages 107-125, April-Jun.
    8. G. Candela & R. Cellini & A. E. Scorcu, 1999. "Comportamenti d’impresa e informazione del consumatore," Working Papers 347, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
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    Cited by:

    1. Malgorzata Ogonowska & Dominique Torre, 2014. "Towards a Sustainable Tourism," GREDEG Working Papers 2014-45, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
    2. repec:eee:touman:v:37:y:2013:i:c:p:86-98 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:touman:v:49:y:2015:i:c:p:119-137 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Hong, Tao & Ma, Tao & Huan, Tzung-Cheng (T.C.), 2015. "Network behavior as driving forces for tourism flows," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 146-156.
    5. Bruno Marques, 2016. "Transport-Tourism: Capacity Coordination
      [Tourisme-Transport : Capacite De Coordination]
      ," Working Papers hal-01265818, HAL.
    6. Bruno Marques, 2016. "Tourisme-Transport : Capacity Coordination
      [Tourisme-Transport : Capacité De Coordination]
      ," Working Papers hal-01265798, HAL.
    7. Romain Cruse & Bruno Marques, 2013. "Bénéfices et bénéficiaires de l’activité de croisière en Dominique," Documents de Travail 2013-16, CEREGMIA, Université des Antilles et de la Guyane.

    More about this item


    tourism economics; tourism areas; destination management;

    JEL classification:

    • L1 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • R3 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location
    • R5 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis


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