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¿Una promesa incumplida? La calidad de la educación superior universitaria y el subempleo profesional en el Perú

Author

Listed:
  • Lavado, Pablo

    (Universidad del Pacífico)

  • Martínez, Joan J.

    (Universidad del Pacífico)

  • Yamada, Gustavo

    (Universidad del Pacífico)

Abstract

El objetivo de esta investigación consiste en explorar y cuantificar en qué medida la calidad de la educación superior contribuye como desencadenante del subempleo profesional en el Perú. Bajo esta condición, cuatro de cada diez profesionales universitarios al 2012 se encuentran sobre-educados, ocupando vacantes no profesionales y sub remunerados. Usando datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Hogares (ENAHO) y el Censo Nacional Universitario (CENAUN) de los años 1996 y 2010, planteamos un modelo de elección discreta que mide los efectos de la calidad universitaria sobre la condición individual de subempleo en un horizonte de largo plazo. La fuente de variabilidad que permite identificar dichos efectos es el proceso institucional de apertura y desregulación del mercado universitario iniciado en la década de los noventa con la Ley para Promover la Inversión en Educación y la creación del CONAFU. Nuestros resultados indican que la probabilidad de estar subempleado, para los profesionales que asistieron a universidades de «menor calidad», aumentó de 0.19 a 0.30 a partir de dicha desregulación.

Suggested Citation

  • Lavado, Pablo & Martínez, Joan J. & Yamada, Gustavo, 2014. "¿Una promesa incumplida? La calidad de la educación superior universitaria y el subempleo profesional en el Perú," Working Papers 2014-021, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2014-021
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    Cited by:

    1. Pablo Lavado & Nelson Oviedo & Hernán Ruffo, 2016. "Destruction of Cognitive and Noncognitive Skills in Adulthood," Working Papers 16-07, Centro de Investigación, Universidad del Pacífico.
    2. Gustavo Yamada & Juan Francisco Castro & Nelson Oviedo, 2016. "Revisitando el coeficiente de Gini en el Perú: El rol de las políticas públicas en la evolución de la desigualdad," Working Papers 16-06, Centro de Investigación, Universidad del Pacífico.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Modelos de elección discreta; mercado laboral profesional; subempleo; sobre educación;

    JEL classification:

    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J44 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Professional Labor Markets and Occupations
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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