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Togo -2018 : Politique intérieure, affaires étrangères, développement socio-économique [Author's version, in French]
[Togo - 2018. In: Adetula, V. et al. (eds.), Africa Yearbook – Politics, economy and society South of the Sahara in 2018. Leiden & Boston : Brill, vol. 15, 2019 : 179-188]


  • Kohnert, Dirk


Throughout the year the controversial legislative elections dominated the political landscape. Huge anti-government demonstrations that called in vain for political alternance. The legislative elections of 20 December 2018, boycotted by the major opposition parties, resulted in an easy victory of the ruling party, however without the expected constitutional amendment majority. Therefore, the prime minister and his cabinet were replaced. The local elections, crucial for democratization at the grass-roots, but postponed time and again since 1987, were again postponed in December 2018 sine die. Economic growth remained stable at about 5% per annum. Public investment in infrastructure (e. g. roads, harbour) and increases in agricultural productivity, notably of export crops, had been the key drivers of economic growth. Moreover, money-laundering, illegal money transfers and trafficking grew alarmingly. Unemployment and lacking political change caused increasing migration.

Suggested Citation

  • Kohnert, Dirk, 2019. "Togo -2018 : Politique intérieure, affaires étrangères, développement socio-économique [Author's version, in French]
    [Togo - 2018. In: Adetula, V. et al. (eds.), Africa Yearbook – Politics, economy
    ," MPRA Paper 96970, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 13 Nov 2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:96970

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Breuer, Anita & Blomenkemper, Laura & Kliesch, Stefan & Salzer, Franziska & Schädler, Manuel & Schweinfurth, Valentine & Virchow, Stephen, 2017. "Decentralisation in Togo: the contribution of ICT-based participatory development approaches to strengthening local governance," Discussion Papers 6/2017, German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE).
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    More about this item


    Togo; l‘Afrique de l'Ouest; politique intérieure; affaires étrangères; développement socio-économique; gouvernance; APD; UEMOA; WAEMU; ECOWAS; CEDEAO;

    JEL classification:

    • F35 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Aid
    • F52 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - National Security; Economic Nationalism
    • N97 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Africa; Oceania
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification


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