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Distortions, factor proportions and efficiency losses: Argentina in the latin american scenario


  • Nogues, Julio J.


El objetivo de este trabajo es doble. Primero se presentan estimaciones cuantitativas de distorsiones en los mercados de factores y se simula su impacto sobre el empleo, utilizando una simple ecuación de comportamiento de equilibrio parcial. En segundo lugar se provee una estimation agregada de la magnitud de la pérdida de eficiencia atribuída a distorsiones en el mercado de factores y en el de bienes. El análisis comprende el sector manufacturera argentino y las estimaciones son comparadas con estimaciones similares para otros países latinoamericanos. Los resultados obtenidos sugieren que en Argentina, las distorsiones inducidas por la politica económica redujeron las oportunidades de empleo de manera significativa, y que también dieron lugar a pérdidas de eficiencia alarmantes.

Suggested Citation

  • Nogues, Julio J., 1985. "Distortions, factor proportions and efficiency losses: Argentina in the latin american scenario," MPRA Paper 96450, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:96450

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. James Henderson, 1982. "Optimal Factor Allocations for Thirteen Countries," NBER Chapters, in: Trade and Employment in Developing Countries, Volume 2: Factor Supply and Substitution, pages 1-82, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Nogues, Julio, 2004. "Unequal exchange: developing countries in the international trade negotiations," MPRA Paper 86172, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Nogues, Julio, 1986. "The nature of Argentina's policy reforms during 1976-1981," MPRA Paper 57820, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Foroutan,Faezeh S., 1990. "The distortionary effects of tariff exemptions in Argentina," Policy Research Working Paper Series 388, The World Bank.
    4. Rudiger Dornbusch & Juan Carlos de Pablo, 1990. "References," NBER Chapters, in: Developing Country Debt and Economic Performance, Volume 2: Country Studies—Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico, pages 150-156, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Nogues, Julio, 1989. "The choice between unilateral and multilateral trade liberalization strategies," Policy Research Working Paper Series 239, The World Bank.

    More about this item


    Trade protection; factor market distortions; Argentina; employment and efficiency losses;

    JEL classification:

    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Retirement Plans; Private Pensions
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General


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