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Trade, productivity, income, and profit: the comparative advantage of structural axiomatic analysis

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  • Kakarot-Handtke, Egmont

Abstract

The classical case of comparative advantage is put into a new formal framework, that is, the behavioral axioms of standard economics are replaced by a set of structural axioms. This enables a comprehensive analysis that takes the effects on income and profit explicitly into account. The axioms in combination with the conditions of market clearing, budget balancing and initial zero profit determine all measurable variables objectively. It is the purpose of the present paper to formally restate the notion of comparative advantage and to ascertain whether this leads to a well-grounded new perspective on this time-honored doctrine.

Suggested Citation

  • Kakarot-Handtke, Egmont, 2011. "Trade, productivity, income, and profit: the comparative advantage of structural axiomatic analysis," MPRA Paper 43872, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 18 Jan 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:43872
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/43872/1/MPRA_paper_43872.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jonathan Eaton & Samuel Kortum, 2012. "Putting Ricardo to Work," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 26(2), pages 65-90, Spring.
    2. Kakarot-Handtke, Egmont, 2011. "Reconstructing the Quantity Theory (I)," MPRA Paper 32421, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Tomasson, Gunnar & Bezemer, Dirk J, 2010. "What is the Source of Profit and Interest? A Classical Conundrum Reconsidered," MPRA Paper 20320, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Kakarot-Handtke, Egmont, 2012. "The rhetoric of failure: a hyper-dialog about method in economics and how to get things going," MPRA Paper 43276, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Kakarot-Handtke, Egmont, 2011. "The pure logic of value, profit, interest," MPRA Paper 30853, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Egmont Kakarot-Handtke, 2013. "The Emergence of Profit and Interest in the Monetary Circuit," World Economic Review, World Economics Association, vol. 2013(2), pages 106-106, February.
    7. T.A. Boylan & P.F. O'Gorman, 2007. "Axiomatization And Formalism In Economics," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(3), pages 426-446, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Cited by:

    1. Egmont Kakarot-Handtke, 2013. "The Emergence of Profit and Interest in the Monetary Circuit," World Economic Review, World Economics Association, vol. 2013(2), pages 106-106, February.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    new framework of concepts; structure-centric; axiom set; consistency; comparative advantage; terms of trade; exchange rate; division of labor; factor immobility;

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange

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