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Regulatory discretion and the unofficial economy: A redux

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  • Mazhar, Ummad

Abstract

This paper replicates the Johnson et al.’s (1998) empirical analysis of the affects of regulatory discretion on the unofficial economy. The narrow replication uses the data set of the original study which comprises of 49 countries for the year 1997. The wide replication is performed in two ways. Firstly, I investigate the original authors’ results using a larger data set of 162 countries and for a period from 1999 to 2007. Secondly, I use Arellano and Bond estimator to investigate the dynamics and causal effects. In both types of replications the results are similar to those in the original study. However, the estimates using Arellano and Bond estimator exhibit autocorrelation of order greater than 1 in the error term and are unable to pass the overidentifying restrictions test.

Suggested Citation

  • Mazhar, Ummad, 2012. "Regulatory discretion and the unofficial economy: A redux," MPRA Paper 39030, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:39030
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/39030/1/MPRA_paper_39030.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Simon Johnson & Daniel Kaufman & Andrei Shleifer, 1997. "The Unofficial Economy in Transition," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 28(2), pages 159-240.
    2. Johnson, Simon & Kaufmann, Daniel & Zoido-Lobaton, Pablo, 1998. "Regulatory Discretion and the Unofficial Economy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 387-392, May.
    3. Manuel Arellano & Stephen Bond, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(2), pages 277-297.
    4. repec:hrv:faseco:30728045 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Unofficial or Shadow economy; Corruption; Replication; Regulation; Arellano and Bond estimator; Panel Data;

    JEL classification:

    • K20 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - General
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • L50 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - General
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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