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Is public procurement going green? experiences and open issues


  • Appolloni, Andrea
  • D'Amato, Alessio
  • Wenjuan, Cheng


Public purchasing authorities are in a leading position for the introduction, promotion and development of green procurement. Indeed, the public sector can influence green procurement both by designing suitable policies and by driving “green” markets through the significant share of public purchases on GDP. The European Commission (EC) has emphasized the importance of cost-efficient GPP and, in compliance with the EU’s Integrated Product Policy (IPC), Member States have been encouraged to devise national action plans. As a result, many countries have already adopted steps in the direction of greening public purchases. The aim of our paper is twofold: first, we focus on the state of the art in terms of the EU and Italian Legislation; then, we highlight open questions related to crucial issues in GPP implementation, with a particular attention to the design of green tenders and awarding criteria to account for environmental quality in public purchasing procedures.

Suggested Citation

  • Appolloni, Andrea & D'Amato, Alessio & Wenjuan, Cheng, 2011. "Is public procurement going green? experiences and open issues," MPRA Paper 35346, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:35346

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Nissinen, A. & Parikka-Alhola, K. & Rita, H., 2009. "Environmental criteria in the public purchases above the EU threshold values by three Nordic countries: 2003 and 2005," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(6), pages 1838-1849, April.
    2. James J. Anton & Dennis A. Yao, 1989. "Split Awards, Procurement, and Innovation," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 20(4), pages 538-552, Winter.
    3. Eva Sterner, 2002. "'Green procurement' of buildings: a study of Swedish clients' considerations," Construction Management and Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(1), pages 21-30.
    4. Alessio D'Amato, 2006. "Environmental Issues in Public Procurement: How Much Decentralization?," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, vol. 96(1), pages 209-234, January-F.
    5. Brännlund, Runar & Lundberg, Sofia & Marklund, Per-Olov, 2009. "Assessment of Green Public Procurement as a Policy Tool: Cost-efficiency and Competition Considerations," Umeå Economic Studies 775, Umeå University, Department of Economics, revised 25 Jan 2010.
    6. Gary Stoneham & Vivek Chaudhri & Arthur Ha & Loris Strappazzon, 2003. "Auctions for conservation contracts: an empirical examination of Victoria's BushTender trial," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 47(4), pages 477-500, December.
    7. Parikka-Alhola, Katriina, 2008. "Promoting environmentally sound furniture by green public procurement," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1-2), pages 472-485, December.
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    More about this item


    Green Public Procurement/Purchasing (GPP); Italy; EU; Legislation and Implementation;

    JEL classification:

    • H57 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Procurement
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation
    • A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development

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