Profitability and industrial concentration in Pakistan
Industrial concentration has been an important political issue in Pakistan. White [1974} recently established a relationship between concentration and the return on capital in a sample of company accounts. This study, based on census material, reexamines the problem with a wider coverage and using the pricecost margin, rather than the return on capital, as the measure of profitability. Concentration and a number of other variables are related to price-cost margins in twenty-five industries between 1965-70. Concentration emerges as the most important explanatory variable but the level of imports and capacity utilisation are also significant.
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- Sawhney, Pawan K & Sawhney, Bansi L, 1973. "Capacity-Utilization, Concentration, and Price-Cost Margins: Results on Indian Industries," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(2), pages 145-153, April.
- Amjad, Rashid, 1973. "Growth, profitability and savings of quoted public limited companies 1964-70," MPRA Paper 39260, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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