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Bayesian inference with monotone instrumental variables

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  • Qian, Hang

Abstract

Sampling variations complicate the classical inference on the analogue bounds under the monotone instrumental variables assumption, since point estimators are biased and confidence intervals are difficult to construct. From the Bayesian perspective, a solution is offered in this paper. Using a conjugate Dirichlet prior, we derive some analytic results on the posterior distribution of the two bounds of the conditional mean response. The bounds of the unconditional mean response and the average treatment effect can be obtained with Bayesian simulation techniques. Our Bayesian inference is applied to an empirical problem which quantifies the effects of taking extra classes on high school students' test scores. The two MIVs are chosen as the education levels of their fathers and mothers. The empirical results suggest that the MIV assumption in conjunction with the monotone treatment response assumption yield good identification power.

Suggested Citation

  • Qian, Hang, 2011. "Bayesian inference with monotone instrumental variables," MPRA Paper 32672, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:32672
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/32672/1/MPRA_paper_32672.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Charles F. Manski, 1997. "Monotone Treatment Response," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(6), pages 1311-1334, November.
    2. Victor Chernozhukov & Sokbae Lee & Adam M. Rosen, 2013. "Intersection Bounds: Estimation and Inference," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 81(2), pages 667-737, March.
    3. Victor Chernozhukov & Han Hong & Elie Tamer, 2007. "Estimation and Confidence Regions for Parameter Sets in Econometric Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 75(5), pages 1243-1284, September.
    4. Kreider, Brent & Pepper, John V., 2007. "Disability and Employment: Reevaluating the Evidence in Light of Reporting Errors," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 102, pages 432-441, June.
    5. Guido W. Imbens & Charles F. Manski, 2004. "Confidence Intervals for Partially Identified Parameters," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 72(6), pages 1845-1857, November.
    6. Rosen, Adam M., 2008. "Confidence sets for partially identified parameters that satisfy a finite number of moment inequalities," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 146(1), pages 107-117, September.
    7. Charles F. Manski & John V. Pepper, 2000. "Monotone Instrumental Variables, with an Application to the Returns to Schooling," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 68(4), pages 997-1012, July.
    8. Charles F. Manski & John V. Pepper, 2009. "More on monotone instrumental variables," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 12(s1), pages 200-216, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monotone instrumental variables; Bayesian; Dirichlet;

    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • C11 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Bayesian Analysis: General

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