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Halaju wang di Malaysia : bukti empirik
[The velocity of money in Malaysia : empirical evidence]

  • Abdul Karim, Zulkefly
  • Jusoh, Mansor
  • Khalid, Norlin

This paper aims to examine the volatility of money velocity and also to estimate the velocity of money function in Malaysia by using the quarterly time series data. This study employed the recent econometric techniques such as volatility model in ARCH and GARCH framework, Johansen co integration test and Vector Error Correction Model (VECM). The results show that the velocity of money for M1 (V1) and M2 (V2) are volatile and persistence rather than M3 (V3). The Johansen co integration test result indicates that the existence of long run relationship between velocity of money V1, V2 and V3 on the dependent variables, such as bond interest rate, deposit rate and income. Furthermore, the VECM result showed that the changes in dependent variables such as bond interest rate, deposit rate and income are significantly to influence the changes in velocity of money for V2 and V3 in the long run. Conversely, in the short run, a change in the national income has only significantly to cause the changes in the velocity of money V2 and V3, while the interest rate has significant effect to cause the velocity of money V3.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/26966/1/MPRA_paper_26966.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 26966.

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Date of creation: 11 Jan 2008
Date of revision: 19 Jun 2008
Publication status: Published in International Journal of Management Studies (IJMS) 1.17(2010): pp. 149--170
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:26966
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  1. Gonzalo, Jesus, 1994. "Five alternative methods of estimating long-run equilibrium relationships," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1-2), pages 203-233.
  2. Cagan, Phillip, 1982. "The Choice among Monetary Aggregates as Targets and Guides for Monetary Policy," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 14(4), pages 661-86, November.
  3. Granger, C. W. J. & Newbold, P., 1974. "Spurious regressions in econometrics," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 111-120, July.
  4. King, Robert G., 1988. "Money demand in the United States: A quantitative review," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 169-172, January.
  5. Bordo, Michael David & Jonung, Lars, 1981. "The Long Run Behavior of the Income Velocity of Money in Five Advanced Countries, 1870-1975: An Institutional Approach," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 19(1), pages 96-116, January.
  6. Azali Mohamed, 1996. "Velocity and the variability of anticipated and unanticipated money growth in Malaysia," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 3(11), pages 697-700.
  7. Granger, C. W. J., 1988. "Some recent development in a concept of causality," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1-2), pages 199-211.
  8. McGrattan, Ellen R., 1998. "Trends in velocity and policy expectations : A comment," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 305-316, December.
  9. Friedman, Milton, 1983. "Monetary Variability: United States and Japan," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 15(3), pages 339-43, August.
  10. Mehra, Yash P, 1989. "Velocity and the Variability of Money Growth: Evidence from Granger-Causality Tests: Comment," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 21(2), pages 262-66, May.
  11. Lucas, Robert E., 1988. "Money demand in the United States: A quantitative review," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 137-167, January.
  12. Dickey, David A & Fuller, Wayne A, 1981. "Likelihood Ratio Statistics for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 1057-72, June.
  13. Serletis, Apostolos & Shahmoradi, Akbar, 2006. "Velocity And The Variability Of Money Growth: Evidence From A Varma, Garch-M Model," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 10(05), pages 652-666, November.
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