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Discounting Revisited. Valuations under Funding Costs, Counterparty Risk and Collateralization


  • Fries, Christian P.


Looking at the valuation of a swap when funding costs and counterparty risk are neglected (i.e., when there is a unique risk free discounting curve), it is natural to ask "What is the discounting curve of a swap in the presence of funding costs, counterparty risk and/or collateralization". In this note we try to give an answer to this question. The answer depends on who you are and in general it is "There is no such thing as a unique discounting curve (for swaps)." Our approach is somewhat "axiomatic", i.e., we try to make only very few basic assumptions. We shed some light on use of own credit risk in mark-to-market valuations, giving that the mark-to-market value of a portfolio increases when the owner's credibility decreases. We present two different valuations. The first is a mark-to-market valuation which determines the liquidation value of a product. It does, buy construction, exclude any funding cost. The second is a portfolio valuation which determines the replication value of a product including funding costs. We will also consider counterparty risk. If funding costs are presents, i.e., if we value a portfolio by a replication strategy then counterparty risk and funding are tied together: - In addition to the default risk with respect to our exposure we have to consider the loss of a potential funding benefit, i.e., the impact of default on funding. - Buying protection against default has to be funded itself and we account for that. The valuation naturally attributes for wrong-way-risk (i.e., the correlation between counterparty default and counterparty exposure).

Suggested Citation

  • Fries, Christian P., 2010. "Discounting Revisited. Valuations under Funding Costs, Counterparty Risk and Collateralization," MPRA Paper 23082, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 30 May 2010.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:23082

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Damiano Brigo & Andrea Pallavicini & Vasileios Papatheodorou, 2009. "Bilateral counterparty risk valuation for interest-rate products: impact of volatilities and correlations," Papers 0911.3331,, revised Feb 2010.
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    Cited by:

    1. N. Moreni & A. Pallavicini, 2014. "Parsimonious HJM modelling for multiple yield curve dynamics," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(2), pages 199-210, February.
    2. Tomasz R. Bielecki & Marek Rutkowski, 2013. "Valuation and hedging of OTC contracts with funding costs, collateralization and counterparty credit risk: Part 1," Papers 1306.4733,, revised Jun 2013.
    3. Damiano Brigo & Qing Liu & Andrea Pallavicini & David Sloth, 2014. "Nonlinear Valuation under Collateral, Credit Risk and Funding Costs: A Numerical Case Study Extending Black-Scholes," Papers 1404.7314,
    4. Bianchetti, Marco & Carlicchi, Mattia, 2012. "Markets Evolution After the Credit Crunch," MPRA Paper 44023, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Jean-Paul Laurent & Philippe Amzelek & Joe Bonnaud, 2014. "An overview of the valuation of collateralized derivative contracts," Review of Derivatives Research, Springer, vol. 17(3), pages 261-286, October.
    6. Marco Bianchetti & Mattia Carlicchi, 2013. "Markets Evolution After the Credit Crunch," Papers 1301.7078,
    7. Andrea Pallavicini & Daniele Perini & Damiano Brigo, 2011. "Funding Valuation Adjustment: a consistent framework including CVA, DVA, collateral,netting rules and re-hypothecation," Papers 1112.1521,, revised Dec 2011.
    8. Marco, Bianchetti, 2011. "The Zeeman Effect in Finance: Libor Spectroscopy and Basis Risk Management," MPRA Paper 42247, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 27 Oct 2012.
    9. Andrea Pallavicini & Daniele Perini & Damiano Brigo, 2012. "Funding, Collateral and Hedging: uncovering the mechanics and the subtleties of funding valuation adjustments," Papers 1210.3811,, revised Dec 2012.
    10. Marco, Bianchetti & Mattia, Carlicchi, 2012. "Interest Rates After The Credit Crunch: Multiple-Curve Vanilla Derivatives and SABR," MPRA Paper 42248, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. repec:wsi:ijtafx:v:18:y:2015:i:05:n:s0219024915500351 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Damiano Brigo & Andrea Pallavicini, 2013. "CCPs, Central Clearing, CSA, Credit Collateral and Funding Costs Valuation FAQ: Re-hypothecation, CVA, Closeout, Netting, WWR, Gap-Risk, Initial and Variation Margins, Multiple Discount Curves, FVA?," Papers 1312.0128,, revised Dec 2013.
    13. Lixin Wu, 2013. "CVA and FVA to Derivatives Trades Collateralized by Cash," Papers 1302.0465,
    14. repec:wsi:ijtafx:v:18:y:2015:i:02:n:s0219024915500144 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Damiano Brigo, 2011. "Counterparty Risk FAQ: Credit VaR, PFE, CVA, DVA, Closeout, Netting, Collateral, Re-hypothecation, WWR, Basel, Funding, CCDS and Margin Lending," Papers 1111.1331,, revised Jun 2012.
    16. Alessandro Gnoatto & Martino Grasselli, 2013. "An analytic multi-currency model with stochastic volatility and stochastic interest rates," Papers 1302.7246,, revised Mar 2013.

    More about this item


    Discounting; Valuation; Counterparty Risk; Collateral; Netting; CVA; DVA; Bond; Swap; Credit Risk; Own Credit Risk; Wrong Way Risk; Liquidity Risk;

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
    • G13 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Contingent Pricing; Futures Pricing

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