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Acceso al mercado de productos lácteos de Europa: Un análisis de equilibrio parcial para evaluar las potenciales ganancias de los exportadores argentinos
[Access to European dairy product markets: A Computable Partial Equilibrium analysis to assess Argentine exporters surplus]


  • León, Sonia M.
  • Roitman, Mauricio E.
  • Romero, Carlos A.


A partial equilibrium model is used to quantify price differentials not explained by tax policy and efficiency cost in the international trade of dairy products between Argentina and some countries of European Union (EU). Prices of imports of EU from Argentina and European producer of the domestic variety welfare fall when liberalization of non-tariff barriers are reduced or eliminated as well as European consumer’s welfare and Argentinean exporter’s earnings are increased. A sensibility analysis is carried out, changing substitution and supply elasticity and exporter’s earnings are shown for four alternative stages. The conclusions are that exporters obtain higher earnings by eliminating or reducing non-tariff barriers when substitution elasticity is higher, mainly for cheese. More inelastic supply products obtain higher earnings for Argentinean exporters (mainly in powdered milk). Finally, an alternative stage is explored where elimination of non-tariff barriers results in higher imports from the rest of the world. Results show a greater increase in Argentinean exporter’s earnings for cheese products and lower earnings for powdered milk.

Suggested Citation

  • León, Sonia M. & Roitman, Mauricio E. & Romero, Carlos A., 2008. "Acceso al mercado de productos lácteos de Europa: Un análisis de equilibrio parcial para evaluar las potenciales ganancias de los exportadores argentinos
    [Access to European dairy product markets:
    ," MPRA Paper 15127, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:15127

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Julio Berlinski & Honorio Kume & Marcel Vaillant & Pedro Miranda & Alvaro Ons & Carlos Romero, 2005. "Protección Efectiva y Costos de la Protección en el MERCOSUR," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 1105, Department of Economics - dECON.
    2. Raymond Atje & Gary Clyde Hufbauer, 1996. "The Market Structure Benefits of Trade and Investment Liberalization," Working Paper Series WP96-7, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
    3. Namdoo Kim, 1996. "Measuring the Costs of Visible Protection in Korea," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 33, January.
    4. Julio Berlinski (coordinador) & Honorio Kume & Marcel Vaillant & Ricardo J. Soifer & M. Inés Terra & Héctor Pastori & Márcio de Oliveira júnior & Patrícia Anderson & Red MERCOSUR, 2001. "Sobre el beneficio de la integración plena en el MERCOSUR," Serie Red MERCOSUR, Red Mercosur, edition 1, volume 1, number 3 edited by Red MERCOSUR, Autumn.
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    More about this item


    Computable partial equilibrium; dairy market; non-tariff barriers;

    JEL classification:

    • F17 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Forecasting and Simulation

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